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1876

Pit Silo
Society: ASABEMain Category: Agricultural & BiologicalSub Category: StorageEra: 1870-1879DateCreated: 1876Oakland ManorColumbiaState: MDZip: 21044Country: USAWebsite: https://www.asabe.org/awards-landmarks/asabe-historic-landmarks/pit-silo-6.aspxCreator: Morris, Francis

Designated a Historic Landmark of Agricultural Engineering at Oakland Manor In 1876 Francis Morris Built Brick Silos in His Barn and Introduced the Practice of Making Corn Silage in the United States. His Further Experiments Developed the Use of Earthen Trenches and Thereby Significantly Contributed to the Development of American Agriculture Dedicated by Amercan Society of Agricultural Engineers 1976

YearAdded:
1976
Image Caption: A pit silo in Araguacema, circa 1964. This style of silage was originally conceived by Francis Morris in the 19th century.
John W. Draper
Society: ACSMain Category: ChemicalSub Category: People and OrganizationsEra: 1870-1879DateCreated: 1876New York UniversityNew York CityState: NYCountry: USAWebsite: https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/education/whatischemistry/landmarks/draperacs.htmlCreator: Draper, John W.

The American Chemical Society, the world’s largest scientific society, celebrated its 125th anniversary in 2001. Founded in 1876 in New York City, the Society now has 186 local sections in all 50 states, international chapters, and 32 technical divisions that bring together scientists with interests ranging from small business to environmental protection.

 

The text of the plaque commemorating the landmark reads:

YearAdded:
2001
Image Credit: public domainImage Caption: Portrait of John W. Draper, unknown date
Society: IEEEMain Category: ElectricEra: 1870-1879DateCreated: 1876BostonState: MAZip: 02203Country: USAWebsite: http://www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/index.php/Milestones:First_Intelligible_Voice_Transmission_over_Electric_Wire,_1876Creator: Bell, Alexander Graham

The first transmission of intelligible speech over electrical wires took place on 10 March 1876. Inventor Alexander Graham Bell called out to his assistant Thomas Watson, “Mr. Watson, come here! I want to see you.” This transmission took place in their attic laboratory located in a near here at 5 Exeter Place. A pioneer in the field of telecommunications, Alexander Graham Bell was born in 1847 in Edinburgh, Scotland. He moved to Ontario, and then to the United States, settling in Boston, before beginning his career as an inventor.

YearAdded:
2006
Image Credit: Courtesy IEEEImage Caption: The telephone used in the first intelligible transmission over electrical wires.Era_date_from: 1876
Bell
Society: IEEEMain Category: ElectricEra: 1870-1879DateCreated: 1876ParisState: OntarioZip: N3L 2M3Country: CanadaWebsite: http://www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/index.php/Milestones:First_Distant_Speech_Transmission_in_Canada,_1876Creator: Bell, Alexander Graham

On 10 August 1876, Alexander Graham Bell demonstrated on this site that the human voice could be transmitted electrically over distance. While family members spoke into a transmitter in Brantford, 13 km away, Bell was able to hear them at a receiver located in Paris. This test convinced Bell that his invention could be used for communication between towns and could compete successfully with the telegraph.  

 

YearAdded:
2008
Image Credit: Courtesy WikipediaImage Caption: Alexander Graham BellEra_date_from: 1876
Ward House
Society: ASCEMain Category: CivilSub Category: BuildingsEra: 1870-1879DateCreated: 18761-99 Magnolia Dr
Brook
RyeState: NYCountry: USAWebsite: http://www.asce.org/Project/Ward-House/Creator: Ward, William , Mook, Robert

It is a large, imposing structure (over a dozen rooms and spacious halls) dominated by a four-story octagonal tower at one corner and a second shorter square tower at another corner containing tanks for potable and fire-fighting water supply.

YearAdded:
1977
Image Credit: Courtesy Wikipedia/Daniel Case (CC BY-SA 3.0)Image Caption: Ward HouseEra_date_from: 1876
Tehachapi Pass Railroad Line
Society: ASCEMain Category: CivilSub Category: Roads & RailsEra: 1870-1879DateCreated: 1876WalongState: CACountry: USAWebsite: http://www.asce.org/Project/Tehachapi-Pass-Railroad-Line/Creator: Harris, J. B. , Southern Pacific Railroad

The Tehachapi Pass Railroad Line was cut through solid and decomposed granite by about 3,000 Chinese laborers using nothing more than picks, shovels, horse drawn carts, and blasting powder. This line, which rises from the San Joaquin Valley and through the Tehachapi Mountains, originally included 18 tunnels, ten bridges and several water towers to accommodate the steam locomotives. Completed in less than two years, it was part of the final line of the first railroad to connect San Francisco with Los Angeles.

YearAdded:
1998
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/Doug WertmanImage Caption: Tehachapi Pass Railroad LineEra_date_from: 1876
Pioneer Oil Refinery California Star Oil Works
Society: ASMEMain Category: MechanicalSub Category: Minerals Extraction & RefiningEra: 1870-1879DateCreated: 187623802 Pine StreetNewhallState: CAZip: 91321Country: USAWebsite: https://www.asme.org/about-asme/who-we-are/engineering-history/landmarks/8-pioneer-oil-refinery-california-star-oil-worksCreator: California Star Oil Works

The economic situation in the whale oil business (for lighting), coupled with the increased demand for lubricants, stimulated growth in the U.S. petroleum industry. The drilling of the heavy, sulfurous, and asphaltic California crude began in the 1870s at the Pico Canyon area, using the apparatus and techniques from Titusville, Pennsylvania, developments.

YearAdded:
1975
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/Konrad Summers (CC BY-SA 2.0)Image Caption: Pioneer Oil Refinery California Star Oil WorksEra_date_from: 1876
Society: ASMEMain Category: MechanicalSub Category: ManufacturingEra: 1870-1879DateCreated: 1876Le CreusotCountry: FranceWebsite: http://www.asme.org/about-asme/history/landmarks/topics-m-z/manufacturing---1/-69-creusot-steam-hammer-%281876%29Creator: Schneider and Co.
The introduction of steam-powered forging hammers by French and British engineers of the 1830s led to the building of this impressive hammer at Creusot that delivered blows to shape and strengthen iron and steel objects before forging. It was for years the most powerful steam hammer in the world. Yet in 1878 a writer observed that "this formidable mass is capable of ... corking a bottle without breakage." With a striking capacity of 100 tons and a stroke of 5 meters, it worked massive iron and steel shafts, piston rods, and other forgings for fifty-four years, until its retirement in 1930.
YearAdded:
1981
Image Credit: Courtesy Wikipedia/Christophe Finot (CC BY-SA 2.5)Image Caption: Creusot Steam HammerEra_date_from: 1876
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