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Refrigeration Research Museum
Society: ASMEMain Category: MechanicalSub Category: Environmental ControlEra: 1890-1899DateCreated: 1890–1960525 North 5th StreetBrightonState: MIZip: 48116Country: USAWebsite: http://www.asme.org/about-asme/history/landmarks/topics-a-l/environmental-control/-207-refrigeration-research-museum-%281890---1960%29, https://www.asme.org/getmedia/89cc44f9-113d-4aae-949a-84078904cb6a/207-Refrigeration-Research-Museum.aspx

This collection includes many examples of advances in mechanical refrigeration for residential and commercial applications, dating from about 1890 to 1960. Such devices dramatically improved food storage safety and convenience and set high standards for mechanical reliability. The RRM collection contains products of such pioneers in the refrigeration industry as Frigidaire, Philco, Sunbeam, and Tecumseh. An archive is available to help researchers trace the history of the refrigeration industry.

YearAdded:
2000
Image Credit: Courtesy ASMEImage Caption: Kelvinator refrigerator, 1948Era_date_from: 1890–1960
Discovery of Organic Free Radicals by Moses Gomberg
Society: ACSMain Category: ChemicalSub Category: Frontiers of KnowledgeEra: 1900-1909DateCreated: 1900University Of MichiganAnn ArborState: MICountry: USAWebsite: https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/education/whatischemistry/landmarks/freeradicals.htmlCreator: Gomberg, Moses

In 1900, Moses Gomberg, Professor of Chemistry at the University of Michigan, confirmed the existence of a stable, trivalent organic free radical: triphenylmethyl. In so doing, he challenged the then prevailing belief that carbon could have only four chemical bonds. Gomberg’s discovery made a major contribution to theoretical organic chemistry and fostered a field of research that continues to grow and expand. Today, organic free radicals are widely used in plastics and rubber manufacture, as well as medicine, agriculture and biochemistry.

YearAdded:
2000
Image Credit: Public Domain (Copyright Exp.)Image Caption: Discovery of Organic Free Radicals by Moses GombergEra_date_from: 1900
Model T
Society: ASMEMain Category: Mechanical, RoadSub Category: Road TransportationEra: 1900-1909DateCreated: 1908-1927The Henry Ford Museum
DearbornState: MICountry: USAWebsite: https://www.asme.org/about-asme/who-we-are/engineering-history/landmarks/233-model-tCreator: Ford Motor Company, Wills, Childe

When Ford Motor Company introduced its new Model T on October 1, 1908, even an inveterate optimist like Henry Ford (1863-1947) could not predict the vast changes that his rather homely new vehicle would produce. What flowed from this series of bold innovations was more than an endless stream of Model Ts — it was the very foundation of the twentieth century itself. The assembly line became the century's characteristic production mode, eventually applied to everything from phonographs to hamburgers.

YearAdded:
2005
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/Don O'Brien (CC BY 2.0)Image Caption: Model TEra_date_from: 1908
Mackinac Bridge
Society: ASCEMain Category: CivilSub Category: BridgesEra: 1950-1959DateCreated: 1958Mackinac BridgeSt IgnaceState: MIZip: 49781Country: USAWebsite: http://www.asce.org/Project/Mackinac-Bridge/Creator: Steinman, David

The Mackinac (pronounced "Mack-in-awe") Bridge (1957) spans the Straits of Mackinac between Lake Michigan and Lake Huron, connecting the Lower and Upper peninsulas of Michigan.   Prior to the construction of the bridge, a fleet of nine ferries would carry as many as 9,000 vehicles per day, with traffic backups stretching as long as 16 miles.

YearAdded:
2009
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/Miss a Liss (CC BY-ND 2.0)Image Caption: Mackinac BridgeEra_date_from: 1958
Edison 'Jumbo' Engine-Driver Dynamo
Society: ASMEMain Category: Electric, MechanicalSub Category: SteamEra: 1880-1889DateCreated: 1882Henry Ford MuseumDearbornState: MIZip: 48124Country: USAWebsite: http://www.asme.org/about-asme/history/landmarks/topics-a-l/electric-power-production-steam/-48-edison--jumbo--engine-driver-dynamo-%281882%29Creator: Edison, Thomas

This dynamo, connected directly to a high-speed steam engine, was one of six that produced direct current at Thomas A. Edison's electric power station at 257 Pearl Street in New York City. The Pearl Street Station was the prototype for central station power generation. Edison set out in 1878 to provide an electrical distribution system to bring lighting into the home: His first filament lamp lit on October 21, 1879. With the help of Frances Upton and C.L. Clarke, Edison built his engine-driven dynamo for the 1881 Paris Electrical Exposition.

YearAdded:
1980
Image Caption: Edison jumbo dynamoEra_date_from: 1882
Detroit-Windsor Tunnel
Society: ASCEMain Category: CivilSub Category: TunnelsEra: 1930-1939DateCreated: 1930-Windsor TunnelDetroitState: MIZip: 48226Country: USAWebsite: http://www.asce.org/project/Detroit-Windsor-Tunnel/Creator: Value, Burnside, Thoresen, Søren Anton

The Detroit-Windsor Tunnel is a 5,160-foot structure that carries traffic under the Detroit River between Detroit, Michigan and Ontario, Canada. Privately financed, built, and owned, it was completed in 26 months, 10 months ahead of schedule. 

YearAdded:
1982
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/Brian Rawson-Ketchum (CC BY-SA 2.0)Image Caption: Detroit-Windsor TunnelEra_date_from: 1930
Detroit Edison District Heating System
Society: ASMEMain Category: MechanicalSub Category: Environmental ControlEra: 1900-1909DateCreated: 19032000 Second StreetDetroitState: MIZip: 48226Country: USAWebsite: https://www.asme.org/about-asme/who-we-are/engineering-history/landmarks/105-detroit-edison-district-heating-system, https://www.asme.org/getmedia/c43f3200-c9df-4a17-a3f5-5c1d07c87fa5/105-Detroit-Edison-District-Heating-System.aspxCreator: Holly, Birdsill

The concept of heating a number of buildings in the core area of a city from a single heating plant was introduced into the United States by Birdsill Holly at Lockport, New York, in 1877. The gain in thermal efficiency of a single large steam plant over a series of small isolated boilers led to widespread commercial installation of district heating. Organized by the Detroit Edison Company, the Central Heating Company began service here in 1903, supplying twelve customers with steam piped from the Edison Company's Willis Avenue Plant. Today's greatly enlarged system continues in operation.

YearAdded:
1985
Image Credit: Courtesy ASMEImage Caption: Detroit Edison District Heating SystemEra_date_from: 1903
Society: ASMEMain Category: MechanicalSub Category: ManufacturingEra: 1920-1929DateCreated: 1926The Henry Ford MuseumDearbornState: MIZip: 48124Country: USAWebsite: http://www.asme.org/about-asme/history/landmarks/topics-m-z/manufacturing---1/-81-corning-ribbon-machine-%281926%29Creator: Woods, William , Corning Glass Works
While Thomas Edison perfected the first practical and durable filament in 1879, it was not until much later that electricity left the laboratory to become the universal source of light. This required a tremendous number of glass envelopes for light bulbs. In the 1890s the top speed of the finest glass-blowing team produced two bulbs a minute.
YearAdded:
1983
Image Credit: Original Image: Courtesy Flickr/ellenm1 (CC BY 2.0)Image Caption: Corning Ribbon MachineEra_date_from: 1926
Society: ASMEMain Category: MechanicalSub Category: PumpingEra: 1890-1899DateCreated: 1893300 East Ludington StreetIron MountainState: MIZip: 49801Country: USAWebsite: http://www.asme.org/about-asme/history/landmarks/topics-m-z/pumping/-124-chapin-mine-pump-%281893%29Creator: Edward P. Allis Company, Reynolds, Edwin
As one of the large strikes in the Lake Superior geological district, the Chapin Mine was located under a cedar swamp and unminable until it was drained by one of the largest pumping engines of the 1880s. Miners at the Chapin Mine, which began producing ore in 1880, soon tried to sink a deep shaft through 90 feet of quicksand, using enormous pumps driven by compressed air. The sand was frozen using two of the largest refrigeration compressors built, and a sectional cast-iron circular shell lined the D shaft. Mining continued for ten years using conventional pumps to dewater the lower levels.
YearAdded:
1987
Image Credit: Public Domain; Produced prior to 1/1/1923Image Caption: Chapin Mine PumpEra_date_from: 1893
Society: ASMEMain Category: MechanicalSub Category: Minerals Extraction & RefiningEra: 1950-1959DateCreated: 19551491 W. JeffersonTrentonState: MIZip: 48183Country: USAWebsite: http://www.asme.org/about-asme/history/landmarks/topics-m-z/minerals-extraction-and-refining/-104-basic-oxygen-steel-making-vessel-%281955%29, http://files.asme.org/ASMEORG/Communities/History/Landmarks/5498.pdfCreator: McLouth, Donald
This is one of the three original 60-ton vessels by which the basic oxygen process (BOP) of steel making was introduced into this country from Austria, where it was invented. It heralded the first new technology in fifty years to become the basis of a major process for steel production throughout the world. In this process, a water-cooled lance injected a jet of high-purity oxygen into the bath of molten iron. Various chemical reactions produced a quality low-nitrogen steel at a ton-per-hour rate nearly three times that of the open hearth furnace.
YearAdded:
1985
Image Credit: Courtesy ASMEImage Caption: Basic-Oxygen Steel Making VesselEra_date_from: 1955
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