Skip to main content

2001

Grain Aeration
Society: ASABEMain Category: Agricultural & BiologicalSub Category: StorageEra: 1930-1949DateCreated: 1931Sukup HallAmesState: IAZip: 50011Country: USAWebsite: https://www.asabe.org/awards-landmarks/asabe-historic-landmarks/grain-aeration-39.aspxCreator: Fenton, F. L.

Tests Of Grain Aeration To Cool And Dry Combine-Harvested Wheat By F. L. Fenton, C. O. Swanson, And Orval C. French At Kansas State University In 1930-31 Showed Mechanical Ventilation To Be More Effective Than Natural Draft Ventilation. Mechanical Aeration Was Further Developed In The 1940's To Prevent Moisture Migration, Which Caused Wetting And Spoilage Of The Top Layers Of Stored Grain. Studies In 1944-45 By Usda Agricultural Engineers G. W. French And W. V. Hukill Cooperating With Iowa State University Proved That Mechanical Aeration Prevented Moisture Migration. G. H.

YearAdded:
2001
Montgolfier Balloon
Society: AIAAMain Category: Aerospace & AviationSub Category: Frontiers of KnowledgeEra: 1750-1799DateCreated: 1768-1790AnnonayCountry: FranceWebsite: https://info.aiaa.org/tac/ETMG/HISTC/Shared%20Documents/Historic%20Aerospace%20Sites%20(HAS)/Procedures%20and%20templates/HAS%20blurb.docCreator: Joseph Michel, Montgolfier, Jacques Etienne

On 4 June 1783, Joseph Michel and Jacques Etienne Montgolfier captured the imagination of the world with their first balloon flight at Cordeliers Square.  There were no passengers, but the Regional Council and the whole town population saw the machine go up and stay aloft at 500 meters for ten minutes. The scientific world raced to make use of the Montgolfiers’ discovery, and all accomplishments made since then by aeronauts, aviators, and astronauts can be traced directly to this site.

YearAdded:
2001
Image Caption: Physicist Pilatre de Rozier and Marquis d’Arlandes take flight in the Montgolfier-style balloon on November 21, 1783, 5 months after the initial launch.
Entrance to NASA's Langley Research Center in Virginia, United States.
Era: 1910-1919DateCreated: 1917Langley Research CenterHamptonState: VACountry: USAWebsite: https://www.aiaa.org/SecondaryTwoColumn.aspx?id=15032386787Creator: NASA

The Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory, now the core of the Langley Research Center, was a unique facility that served as the nexus of aerodynamic research in the U.S. from its beginning in 1917 to its transformation into NASA’s Langley Research Center in 1958. It achieved world renown for its variety of specialized research tools and its staff’s emphasis on practical solutions to the problems of flight.

 

YearAdded:
2001
Image Caption: Entrance to NASA's Langley Research Center in Virginia, United States.
Rocketdyne's_test_stand_for_testing_the_J-2_engine_in_Santa_Susana_Mountains
Society: AIAAMain Category: Aerospace & AviationSub Category: AerospaceEra: 1950sDateCreated: 1947Santa Susana Field LaboratoryBrandeisState: CACountry: USAWebsite: https://www.aiaa.org/HistoricAerospaceSites/

On 15 November 1950, the SSFL conducted its first official test with a Rocketdyne-designed XLR43-NA-1 large liquid propellant rocket engine, which later became the Redstone engine.  Encompassing 2558 acres, 18 large static test stands, 5 component test laboratories and an advanced test facility, the SSFL and its dedicated employees have provided significant contributions to U.S. rocketry and space programs for over 50 years.

YearAdded:
2001
Image Caption: Rocketdyne's test stand for testing the J-2 engine in Santa Susana Mountains, 1963
NIST building
Society: ACSMain Category: ChemicalSub Category: Cradles of ChemistryEra: 1900sDateCreated: 1901National Institute of Standards and TechnologyGaithersburgState: MDCountry: USAWebsite: https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/education/whatischemistry/landmarks/nist.html

The federal government’s first physical science research laboratory was chartered by Congress on March 3, 1901, as the National Bureau of Standards, which became the National Institute of Standards and Technology in 1988. Recognizing the critical importance of chemical measures and standards, NIST established the Chemistry Division as one of its first programs.

YearAdded:
2001
Image Caption: NIST Advanced Measurement Laboratory (AML) building Gaitherburg, MD. The NIST Advanced Measurement Laboratory building was designed by HDR Architecture Inc., and built by Clark/Gilford, Joint Venture. Construction began on the building on June 9, 2000 and it was completed by June 2004.
John W. Draper
Society: ACSMain Category: ChemicalSub Category: People and OrganizationsEra: 1870-1879DateCreated: 1876New York UniversityNew York CityState: NYCountry: USAWebsite: https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/education/whatischemistry/landmarks/draperacs.htmlCreator: Draper, John W.

The American Chemical Society, the world’s largest scientific society, celebrated its 125th anniversary in 2001. Founded in 1876 in New York City, the Society now has 186 local sections in all 50 states, international chapters, and 32 technical divisions that bring together scientists with interests ranging from small business to environmental protection.

 

The text of the plaque commemorating the landmark reads:

YearAdded:
2001
Image Credit: public domainImage Caption: Portrait of John W. Draper, unknown date
Charles Herty
Society: ACSMain Category: ChemicalSub Category: Industrial AdvancesEra: 1930sDateCreated: 1932Herty Advanced Materials Development CenterSavannahState: GACountry: USAWebsite: https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/education/whatischemistry/landmarks/savannahpaper.htmlCreator: Herty, Charles Holmes

When Georgia chemist Charles Holmes Herty found a way to make quality paper from pine trees in 1932, he also founded an industry that brought much-needed jobs to the depression-crippled south. Paper producers had deemed the plentiful pine too gummy—until Herty's Savannah Pulp and Paper Laboratory wrote a new chapter in the ancient craft inspired by insects who built paper nests while dinosaurs roamed the earth. At its root, however, the papermaking process remained the same: the bonding of cellulose, a polymer whose long chains support plant cell walls.

YearAdded:
2001
Image Credit: Courtesy U.S. Library of Congress. Image Caption: Portrait of Charles Holmes Herty in 1925.
Society: ASMEMain Category: MechanicalEra: 1960-1969DateCreated: 1963PR-625AreciboState: PRZip: 00612Country: USAWebsite: https://www.asme.org/about-asme/who-we-are/engineering-history/landmarks/216-arecibo-radiotelescope

A drive system that keeps the antenna pointed with millimeter precision regardless of factors such as environmental change

 

The Arecibo Observatory has the largest radio telescope ever constructed.  Maintaining the greatest electromagnetic wave gathering capacity of any telescope, it has been an essential tool in modern astronomy, ionosphere and planetary studies.

YearAdded:
2001
Image Credit: Public DomainImage Caption: Arecibo Radiotelescope
Electronic Technology for Space Rocket Launches
Society: IEEEMain Category: ElectricEra: 1950-1959DateCreated: 1950-1969Kennedy Space CenterBrevard CountyState: FLZip: 32899Country: USAWebsite: http://www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/index.php/Milestones:Electronic_Technology_for_Space_Rocket_Launches,_1950-1969

The demonstrated success in space flight is the result of electronic technology developed at Cape Canaveral, the J. F. Kennedy Space Center, and other sites. A wide variety of advances in radar tracking, data telemetry, instrumentation, space-to-ground communications, on-board guidance, and real-time computation were employed to support the U.S. space program. These and other electronic developments provided infrastructure necessary for the successful landing of men on the moon in July 1969 and their safe return to earth.

YearAdded:
2001
Image Credit: Courtesy Wikipedia/NASAImage Caption: A culmination of research in radar tracking, data telemetry, instrumentation, space-to-ground communications, on-board guidance, and real-time computation: the 1969 moon landing.Era_date_from: 1950
Society: IEEEMain Category: ElectricSub Category: AstronomyEra: 1890-1899DateCreated: 1897LotaCountry: ChileWebsite: http://www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/index.php/Milestones:Chivilingo_Hydroelectric_Plant,_1897Creator: Raby, William E.
Studies on the feasibility of building a hydro plant in the site were initiated in 1893. The increasing need for power that was cheaper and easily adapted to mine underground use drove the Lota coal mine company to develop a study of alternatives for this purpose. Engineer William E. Raby traveled to the United States and Europe to assess the use of electricity generation and transmission. The availability of the Chivilingo hydro resources arose as a better alternative to a steam plant.
YearAdded:
2001
Image Credit: Courtesy Wikicommons/B.diaz.cImage Caption: The Chivilingo Hydroelectric Power Plant was the first in Chile and only the second in South America. Era_date_from: 1897
Subscribe to 2001
Stay informed - subscribe to our newsletter.
The subscriber's email address.