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Samson Mine Reversible Waterwheel & Man Engine
Society: ASMEMain Category: MechanicalSub Category: Minerals Extraction & RefiningEra: 1800-1829DateCreated: 1824Samson PitSankt AndreasbergState: Lower SaxonyCountry: GermanyWebsite: http://www.asme.org/about-asme/history/landmarks/topics-m-z/minerals-extraction-and-refining/-118-samson-mine-reversible-waterwheel---man-engin, https://www.asme.org/getmedia/ee57310a-3df7-4e67-8ed6-d54357184890/118_Samson_Mine_Reversible_Waterwheel_Man_Engin.aspx

This silver mine preserves two features of bygone practice. One is the reversible waterwheel of the ore-hoist, which originally was installed in 1565 and currently dates back to 1824. The present wheel is 9 meters in diameter and reaches a depth of 700 meters.

YearAdded:
1987
Image Credit: Public Domain (Author's Choice)Image Caption: Samson Mine Reversible Waterwheel & Man EngineEra_date_from: 1824
Society: ASMEMain Category: MechanicalSub Category: Food ProcessingEra: 1850-1859DateCreated: 1852Salt CreekOak BrookState: ILCountry: USAWebsite: http://www.asme.org/about-asme/history/landmarks/topics-a-l/food-processing/-64-graue-mill-%281852%29Creator: Graue, Friedrich , Asche, William
Designed and built by Fred Graue, a German immigrant, together with William Asche, the Old Graue Mill began operating around 1852 and served the village of Brush Hill (Hinsdale) until World War I. Its undershot waterwheel, wooden gearing system, belt power transmission, bucket elevators, and related bolters and sifters were representative of an ancient technology that began with Roman engineer Vitruvius. It ground wheat, corn, oats, and buckwheat in an era that was on the threshold of the Industrial Revolution.
YearAdded:
1981
Image Credit: Public Domain (Historic American Buildings Survey)Image Caption: Graue MillEra_date_from: 1852
Fairmount Water Works
Society: ASMEMain Category: MechanicalSub Category: PumpingEra: 1800-1829DateCreated: 1815Schuylkill RiverPhiladelphiaState: PAZip: 19130Country: USAWebsite: https://www.asme.org/about-asme/who-we-are/engineering-history/landmarks/21-fairmount-water-worksCreator: Graff, Frederick , Latrobe, Benjamin

At a time when steam power was finding its first uses in America, Philadelphia opened two steam pumping stations, January 1801, to lift water from the Schuylkill River and distribute it through the city's wooden pipes and mains. By 1811 a new water power works was begun on the river near Morris Hill, and the Fairmount Water Works opened September 7, 1815. These water works represented the first large-scale application of steam pumping to water service in the country.

YearAdded:
1977
Image Credit: Public Domain (National Park Service)Image Caption: Fairmount Waterworks, East bank of Schuylkill River, Aquarium Drive, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA View looking northeast at waterworks from across Schuylkill River. Photo taken December, 1984.
Era_date_from: 1815
Society: ASMEMain Category: MechanicalSub Category: Minerals Extraction & RefiningEra: 1700-1749DateCreated: 174294 Rexmont RdLebanonState: PAZip: 17042Country: USAWebsite: http://www.asme.org/about-asme/history/landmarks/topics-m-z/minerals-extraction-and-refining/-106-cornwall-iron-furnace-%281742%29Creator: Grubb, Peter
When erected by Peter Grubb to smelt the rich iron ore of the nearby Cornwall ore banks, this stone-built blast furnace was typical for its time, producing about 20 tons of pig-iron and cast-iron products a week. A major reconstruction in 1856 to 1857 produced important changes: the furnace itself was enlarged; the blast-air bellows were replaced by a pair of wooden cylinder "blowing tubs"; the waterwheel that had powered them was replaced by a 20-horsepower steam engine; and a pair of waste-heat boilers to supply the engine was built into the open stack of the furnace.
YearAdded:
1985
Image Credit: Courtesy Wikipedia/Wherring (CC BY-SA 3.0)Image Caption: Cornwall Iron FurnaceEra_date_from: 1742
Society: ASMEMain Category: MechanicalSub Category: ManufacturingEra: 1800-1829DateCreated: ca. 181010017 Colvin Run RoadGreat FallsState: VACountry: USAWebsite: http://www.asme.org/about-asme/history/landmarks/topics-m-z/manufacturing---2/-214-colvin-run-mill-%28ca--1810%29Creator: Unknown
Colvin Run Mill is an early 19th century operating gristmill, closely modeled on the principles developed by Oliver Evans (1755-1819). Powered by a waterwheel, the restored mill was probably built on or after 1811 on the site of an older mill. Originally, the site was the property of George Washington, who identified it as ideal for a mill site. The first verifiable documentation of gristmill business was made by Philip Carter, who purchased a 90-acre property about 1811 from William Sheppard, who probably built the original mill based on Evans' design.
YearAdded:
2001
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/Fairfax County Chamber of Commerce (CC BY 2.0)Image Caption: Colvin Run MillEra_date_from: ca. 1810
Saugus Ironworks
Society: ASMEMain Category: MechanicalSub Category: Minerals Extraction & RefiningEra: 1600sDateCreated: 1647 Ironworks National Historic SiteSaugusState: MAZip: 01906Country: USAWebsite: http://www.asme.org/about-asme/history/landmarks/topics-m-z/minerals-extraction-and-refining/-7-saugus-ironworks-%281647%29, https://www.asme.org/getmedia/f0a3f427-43a2-4371-aa52-73a1b579d9e0/7-Saugus-Ironworks.aspxCreator: Winthrop the Younger, John

The Saugus Ironworks, the first commercial ironworks in North America, was an impressive technological achievement for an early colony. The same basic processes are used today: reducing iron oxide with carbon to produce metallic iron that can be cast in a mold, producing wrought iron by puddling cast iron, and fabricating wrought iron with power hammer and rolls.

YearAdded:
1975
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/Kristin Shoemaker (CC BY-ND 2.0)Image Caption: One of the Saugus Ironworks' water wheels in motionEra_date_from: 1647
Noria al-Muhammadiyya
Society: ASMEEra: 1000-1600DateCreated: 1361Orontes RiverHamahCountry: SyriaWebsite: http://www.asme.org/about-asme/history/landmarks/topics-m-z/pumping/-241-noria-al-muhammadiyya-%281361%29, http://files.asme.org/asmeorg/communities/history/landmarks/12709.pdfCreator: Mamluks, Most likely

The Noria al-Muhammadiyya is the most famous of many norias in Hama. This giant operating noria is unique in both size and age.  Built in 763 AH, or 1361 CE, and still in use today, it is a stand-alone water pump. The river that provides the water it raises also serves as its sole source of energy.

YearAdded:
2006
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/Neil and Kathy Cary (CC BY-SA 2.0)Image Caption: Noria al-MuhammadiyyaEra_date_from: 1361
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