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Once-Over Mechanical Harvesting of Cucumbers

Location: East Lansing, MI, USA
Date: 1963Creator(s): Bill Stout

The concept of once-over mechanical, as opposed to multiple-pick hand or experimental multiple-pick machine harvesting, represented a major break-through in the practice of producing vine fruit such as pickling cucumbers.  In the 1950s the cost of hand harvesting was as high as 50% of the production cost.  Once-over mechanical harvesting, coupled with increasing plant population, reduced this cost to 25% thereby making production economically viable. At the heart of the once-over harvester is a mechanical pinch-roll vine-fruit separation system developed by Michigan State University researchers Bill Stout, Max DeLong and Stan Ries in 1961 with support from cucumber growers and processors.  A harvester was successfully field tested in 1963.  Food Machinery Chemical (FMC) Corporation, Hoopeston, IL fabricated 1 prototype harvester in 1964 and 5 in 1965.  FMC and other companies manufactured an estimated 230 harvesters in the 1960s and 300 through 2009. Today, once-over mechanical harvesting has become universally adopted method of harvesting vine fruit and is used around the world.

Era: 1960-1969
Innovation designated by:
Once-Over Mechanical Harvesting of Cucumbers
The concept represented a major break-through in the practice of producing vine fruit such as pickling cucumbers.
Address:
Farrall Agricultural Engineering Hall
524 S. Shaw Lane
East Lansing, MI, USA

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