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Holland Tunnel

Location: Jersey City, NJ, USA
Date: 1927
Creator(s): Holland, Clifford

The 1.6-mile Holland Tunnel was the first underwater vehicular crossing of the Hudson River and the first tunnel specifically designed for automobiles and trucks. It dramatically reduced the time required to traverse the Hudson River, a trip previously possible only by ferry. 

A major difficulty when tunneling beneath a river is to keep water and mud from inundating the workers and equipment in the tunnel. Builders of the Holland Tunnel used a shield that enveloped the work site as the excavation progressed; this also avoided obstruction of shipping traffic during construction.

The tunnel is named for the project's first chief engineer, Clifford M. Holland, who died just days before the tunnel was holed through.

Tags: Era: 1920-1929
Innovation designated by:
Holland Tunnel
Courtesy Flickr/Chris Leung (CC BY-SA 2.0)
Holland Tunnel
Hudson River
Lincoln Hwy
Jersey City, NJ, USA

Hudson River

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