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Blood Heat Exchanger

Location: Buffalo, NY, USA
Date: 1957
Creator(s): Brown Jr., Ivan , Emmons, W.D.
This is the first commercial, human-blood heat exchanger. Developed in 1957, it permitted a patient's body temperature to be safely and rapidly lowered during open heart surgery to any desired and precisely controlled hypothermic level, then during the conclusion of the operation rapidly rewarmed to normal. Prior to this, hypothermic surgery required hours of preoperative, hard-to-control, external emersion cooling and postoperative rewarming. Its design was a cooperative development between researchers at the Duke University Medical Center led by Dr. Ivan W. Brown, Jr., and research engineers of the Harrison Radiator Division of the General Motors Corporation led by W.D. Emmons.
Tags: Era: 1950-1959
Innovation designated by:
Courtesy ASME
A disassembly of the Blood Heat Exchanger
Capen Hall
University at Buffalo Department of Biological Science
Buffalo, NY, USA

Capen Hall

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