21 Ultra Avenue
On this site during the 1939-45 World War, 12,000 men and women broke the German Lorenz and Enigma ciphers, as well as Japanese and Italian codes and ciphers. They used innovative mathematical analysis and were assisted by two computing machines developed here by teams led by Alan Turing: the electro-mechanical Bombe developed with Gordon Welchman, and the electronic Colossus designed by Tommy Flowers. These achievements greatly shortened the war, thereby saving countless lives.
Bletchley Park, United Kingdom, Dedication: 1 April 2003. IEEE United Kingdom/Republic of Ireland Section
Courtesy Flickr/Draco2008 (CC BY 2.0)