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Society: IEEEMain Category: ElectricalSub Category: Computers and Information ProcessingEra: 1940-1949DateCreated: 1939-1945BletchleyMilton KeynesState: BuckinghamshireZip: MK3 6GYCountry: UKWebsite:,_1939-1945Creator: Sinclair, Hugh , Turing, Alan
On this site during the 1939-45 World War, 12,000 men and women broke the German Lorenz and Enigma ciphers, as well as Japanese and Italian codes and ciphers. They used innovative mathematical analysis and were assisted by two computing machines developed here by teams led by Alan Turing: the electro-mechanical Bombe developed with Gordon Welchman, and the electronic Colossus designed by Tommy Flowers. These achievements greatly shortened the war, thereby saving countless lives.
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/Draco2008 (CC BY 2.0)Image Caption: Code-Breaking at Bletchley Park during World War IIEra_date_from: 1939
Society: IEEEMain Category: ElectricalSub Category: Components, Circuits, Devices & SystemsEra: 1960-1969DateCreated: 1969-1971University of CaliforniaBerkeleyState: CACountry: USAWebsite:
"SPICE (Simulation Program with Integrated Circuit Emphasis) was created at UC Berkeley as a class project in 1969-1970. It evolved to become the worldwide standard integrated circuit simulator. SPICE has been used to train many students in the intricacies of circuit simulation.
Image Credit: Courtesy UCLAImage Caption: Birthplace of the SPICE Circuit Simulation ProgramEra_date_from: 1969
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