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Summer 1992

Volume 8, Issue 1


Amid the machine-made world of the Industrial Revolution, low-tech, horse-drawn street railways kept going into the air age. The reason: They worked.

Violent death has been a part of coal mining for more than a century and a half. But in recent decades the long struggle to eliminate it has finally started to succeed.

A century ago Charlotte Smith was spearheading a cause most people didn’t imagine existed

Othmar Ammann, who began his career designing stolid post-Victorian structures, became a pioneer of soaring spans that made a supreme virtue of unadorned engineering grace

Of all the transportation revolutions of this century, the vertical one by which man conquered the oceans’ greatest depths must be the least heralded. It was all done on shoestring budgets and with almost no thought of profit.

We hope you enjoyed this essay.

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