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Engineering Innovations

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Title Description
Williamsburg Bridge Williamsburg Bridge
Brooklyn, NY
When opened in 1903, the 1,600 foot long main span of the Williamsburg Bridge was the world's longest suspension span, surpassing the nearby Brooklyn Bridge by only 4.5 feet. The…
Woodhead Dam Woodhead Dam
Cape Town, Western Cape
With the discoveries of South Africa's diamonds in the 1860s and gold in the 1880s, immigrants flooded into Cape Town and changed it into a major commercial center. Unfortunately…
Launch of a Skylark sounding rocket from Woomera in South Australia Woomera Launch Facility
Long Range Weapon Establishment Established in 1947 as a joint project between Britain and Australia, the Long Range Weapon Establishment, more familiarly known as the Woomera…
Workers digging an oil well by hand at Bibi-Eibat (Azerbaijan). World's First Oil Well
Bibi-Heybat, Baku
  On July 14, 1848 in Baku, Azerbaijan, Major Alekseev supervised the completion of a 20+ meter well, reaching a small pocket of crude oil, thus establishing the world’s very…
Wright Field 5-foot Wind Tunnel Wright Field 5-foot Wind Tunnel
Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH
Wind tunnel testing of aircraft models is essential to determine aerodynamic parameters such as lift and drag. The 5-foot Wright Field wind tunnel is an early example of the…
Wright Flyer III Wright Flyer III
Dayton, OH
The 1905 Wright Flyer III, built by Wilbur (1867-1912) and Orville (1871-1948) Wright, was the world's first airplane capable of sustained, maneuverable flight. Similar in design…
Wyman-Gordon 50,000-ton Hydraulic Forging Press Wyman-Gordon 50,000-ton Hydraulic Forging Press
Worcester, MA
This hydraulic closed-die press, among the largest fabrication tools in the world, has had a profound influence in America's leading role in commercial aircraft, military aircraft…
Xerography Xerography
Columbus, OH
The convenient dry-copying process for printed pages is among the truly revolutionary inventions of the century. In 1937 Chester Carlson, a New York patent attorney, developed the…
Zhaozhou (or Anji) Bridge Zhaozhou (or Anji) Bridge
Zhaoxian, Hebei
Ancient Chinese literature refers to the Zhaozhou Bridge as a "crescent moon rising from the clouds" or a "rainbow in the sky."  Throughout its history, it has been known as the…
Tunnel Zion Mt. Carmel Tunnel and Highway
Hurricane, UT
With the dawn of the automobile age at the beginning of the Twentieth Century, the entire nation started to demand better roads. In the 1910s, motorists and businessmen in Utah…
Zuiderzee Enclosure Dam Zuiderzee Enclosure Dam
Zaandam, North Holland
The first Zuiderzee Enclosure Dam ran from North Holland to the island of Wieringen, successfully barring the sea for over 50 years and protecting a large area north of Amsterdam…

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