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Hydraulic-Inclined Plane System of the Morris Canal
Society: ASCE Main Category: Civil Sub Category: Water Supply & Control Era: 1800-1829 DateCreated: 1824-1836 Phillipsburg to Newark Bay State: NJ Zip: Country: USA Website: Creator:

Morris Canal was built to transport coal from the Lehigh Valley of Pennsylvania to industrial markets in Newark and New York. The total length of the canal was 106 miles. The canal climbed an astonishing 914 feet from Newark Bay to the summit at Lake Hopatcong, and then dropped 760 feet to the Delaware River at Phillipsburg. This gave the canal an average vertical slope of 18 feet per mile, steep compared to the contemporary Erie Canal's relatively gentle slope of one foot per mile.  

Image Credit: Courtesy ASCE Image Caption: The Hydraulic-Inclined Plane System gave the Morris Canal an average vertical slope of 18 feet per mile. Era_date_from: 1824
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