The innovative SS Great Britain, launched in 1843, was the first iron-hulled, screw-propelled ship to cross any ocean and led mercantile history into British domination in the late nineteenth century. Standard practice of naval and merchant ship construction derived from this ship. The compartmented hull, unprecedented 1,500-horsepower engine with chain drive, and many other seminal features were the designs of Isambard Kingdom Brunel. New design features included a balanced rudder, an electric log, a double bottom, and water-tight bulkheads.
Society: ASMEMain Category: MechanicalSub Category: Water TransportationEra: 1840-1849DateCreated: 1843Great Western DockyardBristolZip: BS1 6TYCountry: UKWebsite: http://www.asme.org/about-asme/history/landmarks/topics-m-z/water-transportation/-97-ss-great-britain-%281843%29Creator: Patterson, William
YearAdded:Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/Terry Whalebone (CC BY 2.0)Era_date_from: 1843
Society: ASCEMain Category: CivilSub Category: Water TransportationEra: 1830-1839DateCreated: 1834Rennshaw StreetPortsmouthState: VAZip: 23704Country: USAWebsite: http://www.asce.org/People-and-Projects/Projects/Landmarks/Naval-Drydocks-at-Boston-and-Norfolk/Creator: Baldwin, Loammi
Baldwin's dry dock in Virginia has been designated a National Historical Landmark and is still in use at the Norfolk Naval Shipyard. The Charlestown dry dock and original pump house, while no longer used, are on display as part of the Boston National Historical Park. Although the need for dry-docking facilities to speed the cleaning and repair of ships in America's naval fleet was apparent as early as 1789, it was the War of 1812, and the burning of Washington, D.C., that finally convinced Congress of the importance of a coastal defense system based on a strong navy.
YearAdded:Image Credit: Public Domain (National Park Service)Era_date_from: 1834