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1794

Cotton Gin
Society: ASABEMain Category: Agricultural & BiologicalSub Category: ProcessingEra: 1750-1799DateCreated: 1794Cotton Exchange Commission BuildingSavannahState: GACountry: USAWebsite: https://www.asabe.org/awards-landmarks/asabe-historic-landmarks/cotton-gin-20.aspxCreator: Eli Whitney

This Creative Development Which Was Responsible For The Survival Of The Cotton Industry In The United States Occurred In General Nathaniel Greene's Plantation Near Savannah 10 Miles Northeast Of This Marker. Separation By Hand Labor Of The Lint From The Seed Of The Desired Upland Variety Of Cotton Produced Only One Pound Per Day Per Person. Eli Whitney, A Native Of Massachusetts And Yale Law Graduate, Came To Georgia To Teach School In Late 1792, At Age 27. Mrs. Catherine Greene, Widow Of General Greene, Invited Whitney To Her Plantation, And Urged Him To Design A Cotton Gin.

YearAdded:
1986
Springfield Armory
Society: ASMEMain Category: MechanicalSub Category: ManufacturingEra: 1750-1799DateCreated: 1794202-206 Pearl StreetSpringfieldState: MAZip: 01105Country: USAWebsite: http://www.asme.org/about-asme/history/landmarks/topics-m-z/manufacturing---1/-41-springfield-armory-%281794%29Creator: Blanchard, Thomas, Buckland, Cyrus, Knox, Henry, Warner, Thomas, Washington, George

George Washington's concern over standardization of rifles for the Continental Army led to the formation of national armory and to his selection of Springfield as its site. Completed in 1794, it was the first national armory in the United States. Like the Robbins and Lawrence Armory, the Springfield Armory was an outstanding machining center for the design and mass production, employing notable engineers such as Thomas Blanchard (1788-1864), Thomas Warner, and Cyrus Buckland.

YearAdded:
1980
Image Caption: This illustration from 1850 shows the growth of Springfield Armory since its inception in 1794. The building in the foreground is the Main Arsenal building that acts as the Springfield Armory National Historic Site visitor center today.Era_date_from: 1794
New Castle Ice Harbor
Society: ASCEMain Category: CivilSub Category: Water TransportationEra: 1750-1799DateCreated: 1794Ice Harbor
Delaware 19709
New CastleState: DECountry: USAWebsite: http://www.asce.org/Project/New-Castle-Ice-Harbor/Creator: Delafield, Richard

In 1794, the Delaware legislature authorized a lottery to fund the erection of ice piers in the harbor at New Castle. The ice harbor was designed to protect anchored ships from storms and ice. At the time, New Castle served as the principal winter port for ships from the Port of Philadelphia because ice on the Delaware River posed such a serious hazard to the wooden-hulled vessels. The harbor was the first of its type on the river and the last one to be maintained as the need for them declined. It served as a model for the other four harbors constructed in the area.

YearAdded:
1986
Image Caption: New Castle Ice HarborEra_date_from: 1794
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