Skip to main content

1970-1979

Society: ASMEMain Category: MechanicalEra: 1970-1979DateCreated: 1974-Country: USAWebsite: https://www.asme.org/about-asme/who-we-are/engineering-history/landmarks/239-hughes-glomar-explorer

 

A number of major engineering feats required to complete the tasks for the mission at hand, which were later used in further projects

The Hughes Glomar Explorer was designed to complete the mission of lifting a 2,000-ton Soviet submarine 17,000 feet from the bottom of the Pacific Ocean.

YearAdded:
2006
Image Credit: Public DomainImage Caption: Color photo of the Hughes Glomar Explorer
Society: ASMEMain Category: MechanicalEra: 1970-1979DateCreated: 19691500 N. McClintock Dr.TempeState: AZZip: 85281Country: USAWebsite: https://www.asme.org/about-asme/who-we-are/engineering-history/landmarks/252-big-surf-waterpark, https://www.asme.org/wwwasmeorg/media/ResourceFiles/AboutASME/Who%20We%20Are/Engineering%20History/Landmarks/252-Big-Surf-Waterpark.pdf, http://bigsurffun.com/Creator: Dexter, Phil

The first wave pool in North America to consistently generate 3-5 foot spilling waves suitable for surfing

Big Surf Waterpark uses 15 gates that empty water into a 2.5 acre lagoon with contours that replicate a natural beach. Waves are produced by pumping water to a pre-selected height and released through underwater gates. The water released breaks over a baffle (similar to a natural reef), forming one wave per cycle. Water is recirculated to the lagoon through pumps.

YearAdded:
2013
Image Caption: Designed by Phil Dexter, the facility uses 15 gates that empty water from a reservoir into a 2.5 million gallon lagoon with contours that replicate a natural beach.

Normally night spreads from east to west with the rotation of the earth, but the evening of November 9, 1965, was different. Darkness also spread from north to south. Southern Ontario went dark first, much of New York State a few seconds later, then most of New England, and finally New York City. By 5:28 P.M., thirty million people were stumbling toward any light available. Subways stopped and furnaces chilled, and America briefly lost one-fifth of its electricity. What was the cause?

Society: IEEEMain Category: ElectricEra: 1970-1979DateCreated: 1974-1982Lincoln LaboratoryLexingtonState: MAZip: 02493Country: USAWebsite: http://www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/index.php/Milestones:First_Real-Time_Speech_Communication_on_Packet_Networks,_1974_-_1982
In August 1974, the first real-time speech communication over a packet-switched network was demonstrated via ARPANET between MIT Lincoln Laboratory and USC Information Sciences Institute. By 1982, these technologies enabled Internet packet speech and conferencing linking terrestrial, packet radio, and satellite networks.
YearAdded:
2011
Era_date_from: 1974
First 500 MeV Proton Beam from the TRIUMF Cyclotron
Society: IEEEMain Category: ElectricEra: 1970-1979DateCreated: 1974TRIUMF Meson FacilityVancouverState: BCZip: V6T 2A3Country: CanadaWebsite: http://www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/index.php/Milestones:First_500_MeV_Proton_Beam_from_the_TRIUMF_Cyclotron,_1974

At 3:30 pm on 15 December 1974, the first 500 MeV proton beam was extracted from the TRIUMF cyclotron. Since then, TRIUMF has used proton beams from its cyclotron (and secondary beams of pions, muons, neutrons and radioactive ions produced in its experimental halls) to conduct pioneering studies that have advanced nuclear physics, particle physics, molecular and materials science, and nuclear medicine.

YearAdded:
2010
Image Credit: Courtesy IEEEImage Caption: Staff with the Lower Magnet Assembly of the TRIUMF.Era_date_from: 1974
Society: IEEEMain Category: ElectricEra: 1970-1979DateCreated: 1976JVC Yokosuka PlantYokosukaZip: 239-8550Country: JapanWebsite: http://www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/index.php/Milestones:Development_of_VHS,_a_World_Standard_for_Home_Video_Recording,_1976Creator: Takano, Shizuo, Shiraishi, Yuma
At the Yokohama Plant of Victor Company of Japan, Limited, a team of engineers headed by Shizuo Takano and Yuma Shiraishi developed VHS (Video Home System) format. They looked ahead to the need for home video tape recorders and embodied their idea in unique inventions. The first model JVC HR-3300 was announced on 9 September 1976. Their basic design with subsequent improvement gained wide customer acceptance.
YearAdded:
2009
Image Credit: Courtesy WikipediaImage Caption: The HR-3300 Eg, a revision of the original HR-3300 that revolutionized the VHS.Era_date_from: 1976
Society: IEEEMain Category: ElectricEra: 1970-1979DateCreated: 1979High Tech Campus EindhovenEindhovenCountry: NetherlandsWebsite: http://www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/index.php/Milestones:Compact_Disc_Audio_Player,_1979
On 8 March 1979, N.V. Philips' Gloeilampenfabrieken demonstrated for the international press a Compact Disc Audio Player. The demonstration showed that it is possible by using digital optical recording and playback to reproduce audio signals with superb stereo quality. This research at Philips established the technical standard for digital optical recording systems. This event marked the start of the worldwide development of consumer digital optical recording and reproduction equipment, obtainable by the peoples of the world for a low price.
YearAdded:
2009
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/Greg Goebel (CC BY-SA 2.0) Era_date_from: 1979
Voyager Spacecraft Interplanetary Explorers
Society: ASMEMain Category: MechanicalSub Category: Air and Space TransportationEra: 1970-1979DateCreated: 1972Pioneer RdFlintridgeState: CAZip: 91011Country: USAWebsite: http://www.asme.org/about-asme/history/landmarks/topics-a-l/air-and-space-transportation/-171-voyager-spacecraft-interplanetary-explorers-%28Creator: NASA

The Voyager explorers, which provided scientists and the world with the first detailed pictures of faraway planets, were designed and tested during 1972 to 1977. The two most intelligent machines ever built in the NASA space program, the explorers were launched from Cape Canaveral, Fla., in 1977. Voyager 2 was launched first on August 20, followed by Voyager 1 on September 5.

YearAdded:
1993
Image Credit: Courtesy ASMEImage Caption: Voyager Spacecraft Interplanetary ExplorersEra_date_from: 1972
Snowy Mountains Hydro-Electric Scheme
Society: ASCEMain Category: CivilSub Category: Power GenerationEra: 1970-1979DateCreated: 1974Alpine WayKhancobanState: NSWZip: 2642Country: AustraliaWebsite: http://www.asce.org/project/snowy-mountains-hydo-electric-scheme/Creator: Hudson, William

The scheme virtually reverses the flow of the Snowy River from its natural course toward the ocean and directs it inland. The entire complex includes 16 dams, seven power stations (with a production capacity of 3,740,000 kilowatts), over 90 miles of tunnels, a pumping station, and 50 miles of aqueducts.

YearAdded:
1997
Image Credit: Courtesy Wikicommons/Ear1grey (CC BY-SA 3.0)Image Caption: Snowy hydro murray 1 machine hall floorEra_date_from: 1974
Subscribe to 1970-1979

We hope you enjoyed this essay.

Please support this 70-year tradition of trusted historical writing and the volunteers that sustain it with a donation to American Heritage.

Donate

Stay informed - subscribe to our newsletter.
The subscriber's email address.