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Panama Canal
Society: ASCE Main Category: Civil Sub Category: Water Transportation Era: 1910-1919 DateCreated: 1914 Isthmus of State: Zip: Country: Panama Website: Creator: Wallace, John , Stevens, John F.

The United States became interested in a water route through the Panamanian isthmus in the mid-1850s, but it was the French who first attempted to build the Panama Canal. Led by Ferdinand de Lesseps, builder of the Suez Canal in Egypt, the French began the project in 1876. Conditions were brutal: rampant yellow fever and malaria; massive landslides and flooding; sweltering heat; and construction equipment that was too light for the job.  

Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/Naval Surface Warriors (CC BY-SA 2.0) Image Caption: Panama Canal Era_date_from: 1914
Society: ASME Main Category: Mechanical Sub Category: Water Transportation Era: 1910-1919 DateCreated: 1914 Louisville State: KY Zip: Country: USA Website:, Creator: James Rees & Sons
The Belle of Louisville, built in 1914, is the oldest operating “western rivers” steamboat. It has the shallow-draft flat-bottom hull braced by hog-chain trusses, multiple fire-tube boilers, paddlewheel propulsion, and superstructure configuration that were characteristic of hundreds of steamboats that plied America’s rivers during the 19th and 20th centuries
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/Bailey Visual Life (CC BY 2.0) Image Caption: Belle of Louisville, still in operation Era_date_from: 1914
Society: ASME Main Category: Mechanical Sub Category: Textile Era: 1910-1919 DateCreated: 1914 307 North Main Street Burton State: TX Zip: 77835 Country: USA Website: Creator: Lummus Cotton Gin Company
This is the earliest known survivor of an integrated cotton ginning system widely used to process cotton from wagon to bale in a continuous operation. The gin machinery was designed and built in 1914 by the Lummus Cotton Gin Company. It can process seven bales per hour. Five gin stands, stick machine, burr machine, separators, cleaners, press pump, and pneumatic conveying fans are driven by a 125-hp Bessemer oil engine. This gin ran commercially until 1974 and was restored to operating condition in 1993.
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/John W. Schulze (CC BY 2.0) Image Caption: Burton Farmers Gin Mill Era_date_from: 1914
Society: ASME Main Category: Mechanical Sub Category: Pumping Era: 1910-1919 DateCreated: 1914 Sewerage and Water Board New Orleans State: LA Zip: 70165 Country: USA Website: Creator: Wood, Baldwin
With a water table several feet below ground level, New Orleans faced a crisis after every heavy rainfall, not just through flooding but also through disease (yellow fever and malaria) caused by impure water. New Orleans was dependent on mechanical means for lifting water from its canals and sewage systems. A. Baldwin Wood (1879-1956), a young assistant city engineer, designed and installed a system of large screw pumps (axial flow machines) to syphon water and accelerate drainage. By 1915 the Wood screw pump became the most advanced drainage pump in use.
Image Credit: Courtesy ASME Image Caption: This 14-foot tall Wood Screw Pump, constructed 1929, drained even more sewage/water/drainage than the 12-foot drains that preceded it Era_date_from: 1914
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