Skip to main content

World War II

Society: IEEEMain Category: ElectricEra: 1940-1949DateCreated: 1946Moore School of Electrical EngineeringPhiladelphiaState: PAZip: 19104Country: USAWebsite: http://www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/index.php/Milestones:Electronic_Numerical_Integrator_and_Computer,_1946Creator: Moore School of Electrical Engineering

A major advance in the history of computing occurred at the University of Pennsylvania in 1946 when engineers put the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC) into operation. Designed and constructed at the Moore School of Electrical Engineering under a U. S. Army contract during World War II, the ENIAC established the practicality of large scale, electronic digital computers and strongly influenced the development of the modern, stored-program, general-purpose computer.

 

YearAdded:
1987
Image Credit: Courtesy Wikipedia/US ArmyImage Caption: Programmers operate the main control panel of the ENIAC.Era_date_from: 1946
Society: IEEEMain Category: ElectricEra: 1930-1939DateCreated: 1930-1945Tokyo Institute of TechnologyNikahoCountry: JapanWebsite: http://www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/index.php/Milestones:Development_of_Ferrite_Materials_and_Their_Applications,_1930-1945Creator: Takei, Takeshi
Dr. Takeshi Takei, the professor at the Tokyo Institute of Technology, discovered that composite oxides containing zinc and iron have distinguished magnetic properties. In 1930, Prof. Takei submitted a paper on his work to Japanese Electro-chemical Society and also presented a paper at 57th General Meeting of American Electrochemical Society in St. Louis. That same year, Prof. Takei applied a patent for his discovery, which was granted in 1932(Japan PAT-98844). Tokyo Denki Kagaku Kogyo (now TDK Corporation) was founded in 1935 to commercialize this newly invented ferrite cores.
YearAdded:
2009
Image Credit: Courtesy Tokyo Institute of TechnologyImage Caption: A replica of the early soft-ferrite core.Era_date_from: 1930
Society: ASMEMain Category: Mechanical, RoadSub Category: Road TransportationEra: 1940-1949DateCreated: 1940US Marine Corps Air-Ground MuseumQuanticoState: VAZip: A 22134Country: USAWebsite: http://www.asme.org/about-asme/history/landmarks/topics-m-z/road-and-off-road-transportation/-193-alligator-amphibian-%281940%29Creator: Roebling, Donald
The "Alligator" amphibian tractor is the progenitor of all amphibian assault vehicles used since 1941, a pioneer venture both in its design and the materials used in its construction. Donald Roebling, a grandson of Colonel Washington Roebling (designer of the Brooklyn Bridge), built an amphibian tractor to rescue victims of Florida's devastating hurricanes (particularly those in 1926, 1928, and 1932 that hit southern Florida).
YearAdded:
1997
Image Credit: Public Domain (US Marine Corps)Image Caption: An Alligator Amphibian on the slope of a Landing Craft Tank, armed with machine gunsEra_date_from: 1940
Alaska Highway
Society: ASCEMain Category: CivilSub Category: Roads & RailsEra: 1940-1949DateCreated: 1942Dawson Creek British ColumbiaDelta JunctionState: AKZip: 99737Country: USAWebsite: http://www.asce.org/project/alaska-highway/Creator: MacDonald, Thomas

The Alaska Highway, initially called the Alaskan-Canadian (Alcan) Military Highway, provided an essential transportation link to the Yukon and Alaska during World War II. It begins at the junction with several Canadian highways in Dawson Creek, British Columbia and runs to Delta Junction, Alaska, via Whitehorse, Yukon. After the shock of Pearl Harbor, the Alaska Highway was a first step in America's defense strategy -- a vital military supply line during the war. Over ten thousand Army Engineers were rushed to the far Northwest.

YearAdded:
1995
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/Bruce McKay (CC BY-SA 2.0)Image Caption: Driving on the Alaska Highway with a snowy mountain horizonEra_date_from: 1942
Subscribe to World War II

We hope you enjoyed this essay.

Please support this 70-year tradition of trusted historical writing and the volunteers that sustain it with a donation to American Heritage.

Donate

Stay informed - subscribe to our newsletter.
The subscriber's email address.