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Society: ASME Main Category: Mechanical Sub Category: Era: 1980-1989 DateCreated: 1987 3D Systems, Inc. Rock Hill State: SC Zip: 29730 Country: USA Website: Creator: Kodama, Dr. Hideo

Although the origins of three-dimensional printing date back to the mid 19th century, and the first patent application for rapid prototyping technology was filed by Dr.

Image Credit: Scopigno R., Cignoni P., Pietroni N., Callieri M., Dellepiane M. (2017). "Digital Fabrication Techniques for Cultural Heritage: A Survey". Computer Graphics Forum 36 (1): 6–21. DOI:10.1111/cgf.12781. Image Caption: Schematic representation of Stereolithography. A light-emitting device a) (a laser or DLP) selectively illuminates the transparent bottom c) of a tank b) filled with a liquid photo-polymerizing resin. The solidified resin d) is progressively dragged up by a lifting platform e) Era_date_from:
Society: ACS Main Category: Chemical Sub Category: Industrial Advances Era: 1980-1989 DateCreated: 1984 200 South Wilcox Drive Kingsport State: TN Zip: 37660 Country: USA Website: Creator: Eastman Chemical Company

Chemicals from the Coal Facility of Eastman Chemical Company was the first in the United States to use coal rather than petroleum as a raw material in the commercial production of acetyl chemicals — important building blocks in the synthesis of a wide range of consumer products. The plant, located in Kingsport, Tennessee, began operation in 1983 after more than a decade of planning and construction, prompted by the oil embargoes of the 1970s.

Image Credit: Courtesy Eastman Chemical Company. Image Caption: Flow diagram for the chemicals from coal facility. Era_date_from:
Society: IEEE Main Category: Electric Sub Category: Era: 1980-1989 DateCreated: 1984 NHK Science and Technology Research Laboratories Tokyo State: Zip: Country: Japan Website:,_1984 Creator: NHK (Japan Broadcasting Corporation)

NHK began the world's first direct broadcast satellite service in May, 1984. This was the culmination of eighteen years of research that included the development of an inexpensive low-noise receiver and investigations of rain attenuation in the 12 GHz band. RRL, NASDA, TSCJ, Toshiba Corporation, General Electric Company, and NASA participated with NHK to make satellite broadcasting to the home a practical reality.

Image Credit: Courtesy Wikicommons/Makro Freak (CC BY-SA 2.5) Image Caption: A modern parabolic satellite communications antenna at Erdfunkstelle Raisting Era_date_from: 1984
Discovery of Fullerenes
Society: ACS Main Category: Chemical Sub Category: Frontiers of Knowledge Era: 1980-1989 DateCreated: 1985 Rice University Houston State: TX Zip: 77005 Country: USA Website: Creator: Curl, Robert , Kroto, Harold

In early September 1985, a team of scientists discovered a previously unknown pure carbon molecule, C60, which they dubbed buckminsterfullerene. The name was chosen because the geodesic domes of Buckminster Fuller provided a clue that the molecule’s atoms might be arranged in the form of a hollow cage. The structure, a truncated icosahedron with 32 faces, 12 pentagonal and 20 hexagonal, has the shape of a soccer ball.

Image Credit: Courtesy Wikipedia/Itamblyn (CC BY-SA 3.0) Image Caption: Buckminsterfullerene C60 is an example of a structure in the fullerene family. Era_date_from: 1985
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