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1882

First Central Station in South Carolina
Society: IEEE Main Category: Electric Sub Category: Era: 1880-1889 DateCreated: 1882 United States Electric Illuminating Company Charleston State: SC Zip: 29401 Country: USA Website: http://www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/index.php/Milestones:First_Central_Station_in_South_Carolina,_1882 Creator: Maxim, Hiram

The United States Electric Illuminating Company of Charleston started up South Carolina's first central station for incandescent lighting in October 1882 -- only one month after Thomas Edison opened his famous Pearl Street plant in New York City. In the following years, the company's parent firm was a major force in the growing electrical industry.

YearAdded:
1986
Image Credit: Courtesy IEEE Image Caption: The United States Electric Illuminating Company central station at 94 Queen Street. Era_date_from: 1882
Vulcan Street Plant
Society: ASCE Main Category: Civil Sub Category: Power Generation Era: 1880-1889 DateCreated: 1882 Fox River Appleton State: WI Zip: 54911 Country: USA Website: https://www.asme.org/about-asme/who-we-are/engineering-history/landmarks/29-vulcan-street-power-plant, https://www.asme.org/getmedia/c0b5b641-34df-46a5-aa22-c847b42084b4/29-Vulcan-Street-Power-Plant.aspx Creator: Rogers, H.J. , Edison, Thomas

The plant began operation only twenty-six days after Thomas Edison's first steam plant began operating on Pearl Street in New York (NL 46). On September 30, 1882, an Edison "K" type dynamo produced electricity from a water-powered turbine to light three buildings (two paper mills and the H.J. Rogers home), at rate of about 12 1/2 kilowatts. It is the first Edison hydroelectric central station to serve a system of private and commercial customers in North America. The story of its development provides keen insight into the nation's first experiences with the electric light.

YearAdded:
1977
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/bigcityal (CC BY 2.0) Image Caption: Vulcan Street Plant Era_date_from: 1882
Pilatusbahn - the world's steepest cog railway
Society: ASME Main Category: Mechanical Sub Category: Rail Transportation Era: 1880-1889 DateCreated: 1882 Brünigstrasse 4
605
Alpnach State: Zip: Country: Switzerland Website: https://www.asme.org/about-asme/who-we-are/engineering-history/landmarks/220-pilatusbahn, https://www.asme.org/getmedia/8c4b369d-83fd-4b9e-9248-b6d78b28628c/220-Pilatusbahn-1882.aspx Creator: Locher, Eduard , Locher Systems

The Pilatusbahn—the steepest rack railway in the world—has operated successfully since its opening in 1889 over a route of 4.62 kilometers (2.87 miles) between Alpnachstad on Lake Lucerne and Pilatus Kulm, rising 6,791 feet (2,070 meters) above sea level. This results in a gradient of 48%, or a rise of nearly one meter in two meters of run on the steepest sections of the line, which amounts to about a quarter of its length.

YearAdded:
2002
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/Stephane Dewarrat (CC BY-SA 2.0) Image Caption: Pilatusbahn Era_date_from: 1882
Kinzua Railway Viaduct
Society: ASCE Main Category: Civil Sub Category: Bridges Era: 1880-1889 DateCreated: 1882 Kinzua Creek McKean County State: PA Zip: 16735 Country: USA Website: http://www.asce.org/Project/Kinzua-Railway-Viaduct/ Creator: Chanute, Octave , Phoenix Iron Works

The workforce consisted of less than 100 men, yet they finished construction in just 94 days. Such speed was possible due to the elimination of scaffolding. Instead, iron rods were used to support construction of the trusses between the towers, and workers moved back and forth across the rods. A dangerous venture, yet no workers were seriously injured.

YearAdded:
1982
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/Peter Pawlowski (CC BY 2.0) Image Caption: Kinzua Railway Viaduct Era_date_from: 1882
Edison 'Jumbo' Engine-Driver Dynamo
Society: ASME Main Category: Electric, Mechanical Sub Category: Steam Era: 1880-1889 DateCreated: 1882 Henry Ford Museum Dearborn State: MI Zip: 48124 Country: USA Website: http://www.asme.org/about-asme/history/landmarks/topics-a-l/electric-power-production-steam/-48-edison--jumbo--engine-driver-dynamo-%281882%29 Creator: Edison, Thomas

This dynamo, connected directly to a high-speed steam engine, was one of six that produced direct current at Thomas A. Edison's electric power station at 257 Pearl Street in New York City. The Pearl Street Station was the prototype for central station power generation. Edison set out in 1878 to provide an electrical distribution system to bring lighting into the home: His first filament lamp lit on October 21, 1879. With the help of Frances Upton and C.L. Clarke, Edison built his engine-driven dynamo for the 1881 Paris Electrical Exposition.

YearAdded:
1980
Image Credit: Image Caption: Edison jumbo dynamo Era_date_from: 1882
Eddystone Lighthouse
Society: ASCE Main Category: Civil Sub Category: Water Transportation Era: 1880-1889 DateCreated: 1882 Eddystone Rocks State: Cornwall Zip: Country: UK Website: http://www.asce.org/Project/Eddystone-Lighthouse/ Creator: Winstanley, Henry , Smeaton, John

An early image of the James Douglass lighthouse, with the stump of the Smeaton-designed building beside it.  

Eddystone Lighthouse is located in the English Channel, 14 miles south of Plymouth, England. The reef upon which it stands was the source of many shipwrecks... and many lighthouses, the first of which was built in 1698. The first three lighthouses were wooden, and suffered the fate of sea storms. John Smeaton  built the fourth lighthouse in 1759 of Cornish granite.   

YearAdded:
1991
Image Credit: Public Domain; Produced prior to 1/1/1923 Image Caption: Eddystone Lighthouse Era_date_from: 1882
Durango and Silverton Narrow Gauge railway runs along the Highline.
Society: ASCE Main Category: Civil Sub Category: Roads & Rails Era: 1880-1889 DateCreated: 1882 Durango State: CO Zip: Country: USA Website: http://www.asce.org/project/durango-silverton-narrow-gauge-br-of-the-d-rgwr/ Creator: Palmer, William Jackson , Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad

The Durango-Silverton Narrow Gauge Branch of the Denver & Rio Grande Western Railroad extends from the town of Durango to the mining camp of Silverton. Built in 1882 through one of the most rugged mountain areas of the nation, its complexity remains a testament to the role civil engineering played in the development of the western United States. 

The tracks rise up the sheer, steep Animas Canyon, running along a rock ledge just wide enough to carry the train. The line is used today as a tourist attraction, carrying visitors through the picturesque San Juan Mountains.

YearAdded:
1968
Image Credit: Image Caption: Durango and Silverton Narrow Gauge railway runs along the Highline. Era_date_from: 1882
Reuleaux Collection of Kinematic Mechanisms
Society: ASME Main Category: Mechanical Sub Category: Era: 1800-1829 DateCreated: 1882 Sibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Ithica State: NY Zip: 14853 Country: USA Website: http://www.asme.org/about-asme/history/landmarks/topics-a-l/education/-232-reuleaux-collection-of-kinematic-mechanisms-a, https://www.asme.org/getmedia/f47f8dae-5d5c-4b9e-abd0-1ff665b17100/232-Reuleaux-Collection-of-Kinematic-Mechanisms-at-Cornell-University.aspx Creator: Reuleaux, Franz

Kinematics is the study of geometry of motion. Reuleaux designed the models in the Cornell collection as teaching aids for invention, showing the kinematic design of machines. The mechanisms in the collection represent the fundamental components of complex machines and were conceived as elements of a basic “language of invention.” Today the models are still used in the teaching of machine design and synthesis, robotics, dynamics, architectural drawing and mathematics.

YearAdded:
2004
Image Credit: Courtesy ASME Image Caption: A page taken from Gustav Voigt's catalog of Reuleaux's Mechanisms, Era_date_from: 1882
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Innovations

Reuleaux Collection of Kinematic Mechanisms

Kinematics is the study of geometry of motion. Reuleaux designed the models in the Cornell collection as teaching aids for invention, showing the kinematic design of machines. The mechanisms in the collection represent the fundamental components of complex machines and were conceived as elements…

Read More
Durango and Silverton Narrow Gauge railway runs along the Highline.

The Durango-Silverton Narrow Gauge Branch of the Denver & Rio Grande Western Railroad extends from the town of Durango to the mining camp of Silverton. Built in 1882 through one of the most rugged mountain areas of the nation, its complexity remains a testament to the role civil…

Read More
Eddystone Lighthouse

An early image of the James Douglass lighthouse, with the stump of the Smeaton-designed building beside it.  

Eddystone Lighthouse is located in the English Channel, 14 miles south of Plymouth, England. The reef upon which it stands was the source of many shipwrecks... and many…

Read More
Edison 'Jumbo' Engine-Driver Dynamo

This dynamo, connected directly to a high-speed steam engine, was one of six that produced direct current at Thomas A. Edison's electric power station at 257 Pearl Street in New York City. The Pearl Street Station was the prototype for central station power generation. Edison set out in 1878 to…

Read More
Kinzua Railway Viaduct

The workforce consisted of less than 100 men, yet they finished construction in just 94 days. Such speed was possible due to the elimination of scaffolding. Instead, iron rods were used to support construction of the trusses between the towers, and workers moved back and forth across the rods. A…

Read More
Pilatusbahn - the world's steepest cog railway

The Pilatusbahn—the steepest rack railway in the world—has operated successfully since its opening in 1889 over a route of 4.62 kilometers (2.87 miles) between Alpnachstad on Lake Lucerne and Pilatus Kulm, rising 6,791 feet (2,070 meters) above sea level. This results in a gradient of 48%, or a…

Read More
Vulcan Street Plant

The plant began operation only twenty-six days after Thomas Edison's first steam plant began operating on Pearl Street in New York (NL 46). On September 30, 1882, an Edison "K" type dynamo produced electricity from a water-powered turbine to light three buildings (two paper mills and the H.J.…

Read More
First Central Station in South Carolina

The United States Electric Illuminating Company of Charleston started up South Carolina's first central station for incandescent lighting in October 1882 -- only one month after Thomas Edison opened his famous Pearl Street plant in New York City. In the following years, the company's parent firm…

Read More

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