Skip to main content

Arch

White River Concrete Arch Bridge
Society: ASCEMain Category: CivilSub Category: BridgesEra: 1930-1939DateCreated: 1930White RiverCotterState: ARZip: 72626Country: USAWebsite: http://www.asce.org/Project/White-River-Concrete-Arch-Bridge/Creator: Marsh, James Barney

When this 1,850-foot concrete-arch highway bridge was built on the White River in a remote region of northern Arkansas - prior to the construction of upriver, flood-control dams - flash floods occurred frequently, sometimes causing the water to rise as much as one foot per hour. Construction under these conditions presented a clear danger, so project managers specified both a design and an innovative construction method appropriate to the problem of building across a perilous stretch of unpredictable river.

YearAdded:
1986
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/jaystout (CC BY 2.0)Image Caption: White River Concrete Arch BridgeEra_date_from: 1930
Society: ASCEMain Category: CivilSub Category: BridgesEra: 1900-1909DateCreated: 1905Country: ZimbabweCreator: Rhodes, Cecil
The Victoria Falls Bridge, completed in 1905, is a 152-meter span, steel-lattice, two-hinged arch bridge with a deck level 122 m above the Zambezi River. Conceived by Cecil Rhodes as a key link in his proposed Cape-to-Cairo railway, it is situated just downstream of the Victoria Falls in a site of unsurpassed grandeur. Although a product of the colonial period, it continues to serve and enhance the lives of all people living in the region.
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/Christopher Jensen (CC BY-ND 2.0)Image Caption: Victoria Falls BridgeEra_date_from: 1905
Tunkhannock Viaduct
Society: ASCEMain Category: CivilSub Category: BridgesEra: 1910-1919DateCreated: 1915Tunkhannock CreekNicholsonState: PAZip: 18446Country: USAWebsite: http://www.asce.org/Project/Tunkhannock-Viaduct/Creator: Cohen, Abraham Burton, Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad

This majestic viaduct was built during the golden age of railroading. It was at the western end of a major readjustment in grade and alignment of the Erie-Lackawanna Railroad, and had double tracks to carry the trains across the valley of Tunkhannock Creek. The Hallstead cutoff (between Scranton, Pennsylvania and Hallstead, New Jersey) reduced passenger travel time by 20 minutes, and freight travel time by over an hour.

YearAdded:
1975
Image Credit: Original Photo: Flickr/Jim Danvers (CC BY 2.0)Image Caption: Tunkhannock ViaductEra_date_from: 1915
Salginatobel Bridge
Society: ASCEMain Category: CivilSub Category: BridgesEra: 1930-1939DateCreated: 1930Salgina Valley ravineSchiersState: GraubündenCountry: SwitzerlandWebsite: http://www.asce.org/Project/Salginatobel-Bridge/Creator: Maillart, Robert

The Salginatobel Bridge, spanning the Salgina Valley ravine, is the earliest surviving three-hinged, hollow box arch bridge designed by  Robert Maillart.

YearAdded:
1990
Image Credit: Courtesy Wikipedia/Rama (CC BY-SA 2.0)Image Caption: Salginatobel BridgeEra_date_from: 1930
Moseley Wrought Iron Arch Bridge
Society: ASCEMain Category: CivilSub Category: BridgesEra: 1860-1869DateCreated: 1864North CanalNorth AndoverState: MAZip: 01845Country: USAWebsite: http://www.asce.org/Project/Moseley-Wrought-Iron-Arch-Bridge/Creator: Moseley Iron Building Works

Designed, patented, and built by Thomas W.H. Moseley, this arched 96-foot span bridge preceded by years the standard use of wrought iron for bridges. For the first time in the United States, Moseley incorporated the use of riveted wrought-iron plates for the triangular-shaped top chord.

YearAdded:
1998
Image Credit: Courtesy Wikicommons/Elizabeth Thomsen (CC BY-SA 3.0)Image Caption: Moseley Arch, Merrimack College, North Andover, MassachusettsEra_date_from: 1864
Rogue River Bridge
Society: ASCEMain Category: CivilSub Category: BridgesEra: 1930-1939DateCreated: 1931Rogue RiverGold BeachState: ORZip: 97444Country: USAWebsite: http://www.asce.org/Project/Rogue-River-Bridge/Creator: McCullough, Conde

The Rogue River Bridge was the most advanced concrete bridge in America when it was built. Distinguished bridge engineer Conde McCullough employed the techniques of Frenchman Eugene Freyssinet to create thin, graceful concrete arches for this seven-span structure.

Pre-compression of the concrete arch was achieved and, as a result of its success, pre-stressing became one of the hallmarks of American bridge building techniques.

YearAdded:
1982
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/Bruce Fingerhood (CC BY 2.0)Image Caption: Rogue River BridgeEra_date_from: 1931
Frankford Avenue Bridge
Society: ASCEMain Category: CivilSub Category: BridgesEra: 1600sDateCreated: 1697Pennypack ParkPhiladelphiaState: PAZip: 19114Country: USAWebsite: http://www.asce.org/Project/Frankford-Avenue-Bridge/Creator: Unknown

"For 273 years, the little stone bridge that carries Frankford Ave. across Pennypack Creek has been doing its humble job with a minimum of attention..." 
 - Gerald McKelvey, The Philadelphia Inquirer, September 16, 1970

YearAdded:
1970
Image Credit: Public Domain (National Park Service)Image Caption: Frankford Avenue BridgeEra_date_from: 1697
Dunlap's Creek Bridge
Society: ASCEMain Category: CivilSub Category: BridgesEra: 1930-1939DateCreated: 1939Dunlap's CreekBrownsvilleState: PAZip: 15417Country: USAWebsite: http://www.asce.org/Project/Dunlap-s-Creek-Bridge/Creator: Delafield, Richard , U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

Not only was Dunlap's Creek Bridge the first cast-iron bridge in America, it was the first metal bridge anywhere to use what its builder, Capt. Richard Delafield, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, described as "standardized, interchangeable, manufactured parts." The bridge was built as part of the federal government's effort to make repairs on the National Road  before handing authority over to the states. Dunlap's Creek at Brownsville was an especially troublesome crossing, having destroyed three previous bridges since 1801.

YearAdded:
1978
Image Credit: Public Domain (National Park Service)Image Caption: Dunlap's Creek BridgeEra_date_from: 1939
Dorton Arena
Society: ASCEMain Category: CivilSub Category: BuildingsEra: 1950-1959DateCreated: 19524800-5162 Hillsborough St.RaleighState: NCZip: 27606Country: USAWebsite: http://www.asce.org/Project/Dorton-Arena/Creator: Nowicki, Matthew , Dietrick, William Henley

The Dorton Arena was the first use of a cable-supported roof system in the world. Commissioned in 1949 by North Carolina State Fair manager J.S. Dorton, the new building was intended to be a livestock judging pavilion. Architect Matthew Nowicki (1910 - 1950) proposed a structure that included a pair of intersecting parabolic arches supported by slender columns around its perimeter with a network of wire cables that supported the saddle-shaped roof.

YearAdded:
2002
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/Justin Doub (CC BY 2.0)Image Caption: Dorton ArenaEra_date_from: 1952
Carrollton Viaduct
Society: ASCEMain Category: CivilSub Category: BridgesEra: 1800-1829DateCreated: 1829Gwynns FallsBaltimoreState: MDCountry: USAWebsite: http://www.asce.org/Project/Carrollton-Viaduct/Creator: Wever, Caspar , Lloyd, James

The Carrollton Viaduct over Gwynn's Falls was the first masonry railroad viaduct constructed in the United States. This structure proved the feasibility of using a viaduct to transport railway vehicles across wide and deep valleys.

YearAdded:
1982
Image Credit: Public Domain (National Park Service)Image Caption: Carrollton ViaductEra_date_from: 1829
Subscribe to Arch

We hope you enjoyed this essay.

Please support this 70-year tradition of trusted historical writing and the volunteers that sustain it with a donation to American Heritage.

Donate

Stay informed - subscribe to our newsletter.
The subscriber's email address.