Skip to main content

2003

Universal Soil Loss Equation
Society: ASABE Main Category: Agricultural & Biological Sub Category: Era: 1960-1969 DateCreated: 1965 National Soil Erosion Research Lab West Lafayette State: IN Zip: 47907 Country: USA Website: https://www.asabe.org/awards-landmarks/asabe-historic-landmarks/universal-soil-loss-equation-41.aspx Creator:

The Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) was developed at the USDA National Runoff and Soil Loss Data Center at Purdue University in a national effort led by Walter H. Wischmeier and Dwight D. Smith. The USLE was published in 1965 in USDA Agriculture Handbook 282.

YearAdded:
2003
Image Credit: Image Caption: The Universal Soil Loss Equation for estimating average annual soil erosion.

A = average annual soil loss (in tons/acre)
R = rainfall erosivity index
K = soil erodibility factor
LS = topographic factor
C = cropping factor
P = conservation practice factor
Era_date_from:
Rumely OilPull Tractor
Society: ASABE Main Category: Agricultural & Biological Sub Category: Era: 1910-1919 DateCreated: 1910 La Porte Hospital La Porte State: IN Zip: 46350 Country: USA Website: https://www.asabe.org/awards-landmarks/asabe-historic-landmarks/rumley-oilpull-42.aspx Creator:

The Rumely Companies, which operated in La Porte, Indiana, from 1853 to 1931, produced a variety of equipment including threshers and steam engines, which helped to change the nature of American and world agriculture. The revolutionary OilPull Tractor, which was introduced in 1910, used a unique carburetion system developed by John Secor, the Company's Chief Engineer. The OilPull tractor efficiently converted a low cost petroleum product to mechanical power, greatly reducing the need for animal and steam power on American farms. Dr.

YearAdded:
2003
Image Credit: Courtesy Wikipedia/BulldozerD11 (CC BY-SA 3.0) Image Caption: Era_date_from:
RIM-8 Talos surface to air missile built by Bendix Corporation in test launcher at White Sands Missile Range New Mexico
Society: AIAA Main Category: Aerospace & Aviation Sub Category: Era: DateCreated: Bendix Aviation Corporation Teterboro State: NJ Zip: Country: USA Website: Creator: Bendix, Vincent

This site, originally the home of the Eclipse-Pioneer Division of the Bendix Aviation Corporation, has produced navigational instruments and engine components since 1938.  Providing instruments that flew with Lindbergh across the Atlantic, and Admiral Byrd in the cold of Antarctica; from guiding American pilots in times of peace and war, to putting men on the moon, the “Bendix Invisible Crew” has been a leader in innovation and technology in the world of aviation and space exploration.

YearAdded:
2003
Image Credit: Image Caption: RIM-8 Talos surface to air missile built by Bendix Corporation in test launcher at White Sands Missile Range New Mexico Era_date_from:
Point Mugu Aerial
Society: AIAA Main Category: Aerospace & Aviation Sub Category: Aerospace Era: 1940-1949 DateCreated: 1946 Point Mugu Naval Air Station State: CA Zip: Country: USA Website: https://www.aiaa.org/ Creator:

Established in 1946 to provide a comprehensive test and evaluation site for tactical missiles, Point Mugu has been instrumental in the development, test, evaluation and in-service support of systems including Regulus, Sparrow, Phoenix, Bullpup, Harpoon, SLAM, Tomahawk, Standard, and Rolling Airframe Missile. The first missile launch from an operational submarine was also accomplished at Pt. Mugu.

YearAdded:
2003
Image Credit: Image Caption: Aerial view of Naval Air Station Point Mugu — at Naval Base Ventura County, California, 2008 Era_date_from:
Pilot at College Park
Society: AIAA Main Category: Sub Category: Era: 1900s DateCreated: 1909 College Park Airport College Park State: MD Zip: Country: USA Website: https://vtol.org/files/dmfile/AIAAHistoricSite-CollegePark2.pdf Creator: U.S. Army Signal Corps

College Park Airport was founded in 1909 when the Wright Brothers came here to train the first military officers to fly in the givernment's first airplane. The airport is the oldest continuously operated airport in the world, and has come to be known as "The Field of Firsts" due to it being the location of a great number of groundbreaking achievements, such as:

 

 

1909: First woman passenger to fly in the United States

YearAdded:
2003
Image Credit: Image Caption: An early pilot flying a Curtiss aircraft at College Park, 1912 Era_date_from:
Wright Flyer III
Society: ASME Main Category: Mechanical Sub Category: Air and Space Transportation Era: 1900-1909 DateCreated: 1905 Aviation Heritage Natl Hist Park Dayton State: OH Zip: 45409 Country: USA Website: https://www.asme.org/about-asme/who-we-are/engineering-history/landmarks/224-wright-flyer-iii, https://www.asme.org/getmedia/3764d124-ce32-4335-bbac-24836c780066/224-Wright-Flyer-III.aspx Creator: Wright, Wilbur, Wright, Orville

The 1905 Wright Flyer III, built by Wilbur (1867-1912) and Orville (1871-1948) Wright, was the world's first airplane capable of sustained, maneuverable flight. Similar in design to their celebrated first airplane, this machine featured a stronger structure, a larger engine turning new "bent-end" propellers, and greater control-surface area for improved safety and maneuverability.

YearAdded:
2003
Image Credit: Public Domain (Copyright Expr.) Image Caption: Wright Flyer III Era_date_from: 1905
Tennessee State Capitol
Society: ASCE Main Category: Civil Sub Category: Buildings Era: 1840-1849 DateCreated: 1845-1877 Tennessee State Capitol Nashville State: TN Zip: 37219 Country: USA Website: http://www.asce.org/Project/Tennessee-State-Capitol/ Creator: Strickland, William , Bogart, John

The Tennessee State Capitol, the first and only home of the Tennessee General Assembly, was designed by engineer and architect William Strickland. Since its construction, it has ably served, with little modification, as the seat of Tennessee's government.

YearAdded:
2003
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/Ron Cogswell Image Caption: Tennessee State Capitol Era_date_from: 1845
Suez Canal Project
Society: ASCE Main Category: Civil Sub Category: Water Transportation Era: 1860-1869 DateCreated: 1869 Canal del Esla Ismailia State: Zip: Country: Egypt Website: http://www.asce.org/project/suez-canal/ Creator: de Lesseps, Ferdinand , Suez Canal Company

The idea of creating a canal linking the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea is a very old one that dates back about 4000 years to the ancient Egyptians. They thought of linking the two seas by using the River Nile and its branches. It was this very old desire that led to the digging of the present Suez Canal.  

YearAdded:
2003
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/eutrophication&hypoxia (CC BY 2.0) Image Caption: Suez Canal Project Era_date_from: 1869
Solar Energy and Energy Conversion Laboratory
Society: ASME Main Category: Mechanical Sub Category: Research and Development Era: 1950-1959 DateCreated: 1954 University of Florida
Gainesville State: FL Zip: Country: USA Website: http://www.asme.org/about-asme/history/landmarks/topics-m-z/research-and-development/-223-solar-energy-and-energy-conversion-laboratory, https://www.asme.org/getmedia/6ab985e7-a7b5-4c91-b4d7-8c32af04334c/223-Solar-Energy-and-Energy-Conversion-Laboratory.aspx Creator: Farber, Erich

This highly diverse facility has pioneered the development of solar energy applications worldwide. The Solar Energy and Energy Conversion Laboratory (SEECL) was unique in developing practical solar energy devices based on established principles of thermodynamics, heat transfer, and fluid mechanics long before solar energy was considered a serious energy alternative.

YearAdded:
2003
Image Credit: Courtesy ASME Image Caption: The SEECL was originally located at the Gianesville Regional Airport. Early experimental devices stood on the pad near the WW II bunker (early 1950s). Era_date_from: 1954
Society: ASME Main Category: Mechanical Sub Category: Minerals Extraction & Refining Era: 1920-1929 DateCreated: 1922 Cameron World Headquarters Houston State: TX Zip: 77041 Country: USA Website: http://www.asme.org/about-asme/history/landmarks/topics-m-z/minerals-extraction-and-refining/-227-first-ram-type-blowout-preventer-%28bop%29-%281922%29 Creator: Abercrombie, James, Cameron, Harry
This mechanism allowed the manual closing of a well, saved lives and prevented surface oil accumulation at drilling sites, quickly becoming an industry standard. In the early days of oilfield operations, there was no way to control the underground pressures encountered during drilling. When an oil or gas reservoir was tapped, wells were allowed to "blow out" until pressure was reduced sufficiently to allow capping. Many inventors attempted to develop a device to control such blowouts. In 1922, oil wildcatter James Smither Abercrombie (1891-1975) and machinist Harry S.
YearAdded:
2003
Image Credit: Original Image: Flickr/Ed Schipul (CC BY-SA 2.0) Image Caption: A modern Blowout Preventer (BOP) Era_date_from: 1922
Subscribe to 2003

We hope you enjoyed this essay.

Please support this 70-year tradition of trusted historical writing and the volunteers that sustain it with a donation to American Heritage.

Donate

Stay informed - subscribe to our newsletter.
The subscriber's email address.