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1944

Pole Frame Buildings
Society: ASABEMain Category: Agricultural & BiologicalSub Category: BuildingsEra: 1940-1949DateCreated: 1944National Frame Builders AssociationLawrenceState: KSZip: 66049Country: USAWebsite: https://www.asabe.org/awards-landmarks/asabe-historic-landmarks/pole-frame-buildings-32.aspxCreator: Perkins, B. G.

Pole Frame Building Historic Landmark Of Agricultural Engineering - In the mid 1940's, "B G" Perkins of Doane Agricultural Service introduced a new pole-frame construction along the Missouri-Illinois border. This idea revolutionized the way barns were built.

YearAdded:
1995
Kentucky Dam
Society: ASCEMain Category: CivilSub Category: DamsEra: 1940-1949DateCreated: 1944Tennessee RiverGrand RiverState: KYZip: 42045Country: USAWebsite: http://www.asce.org/Project/Kentucky-Dam/Creator: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

In 1930, the U.S. Corps of Engineers was directed to complete an engineering survey of the Tennessee River to determine the feasibility of establishing complete river navigability. The resulting report recommended a series of nine main river dams and several tributary dams to allow for a minimum eight foot channel (standard for barge navigation) from Knoxville to Paducah.

YearAdded:
1996
Image Credit: Courtesy of U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Nashville District (CC BY-ND 2.0)Image Caption: Kentucky DamEra_date_from: 1944
McKinley Climatic Laboratory
Society: ASMEMain Category: MechanicalSub Category: Research and DevelopmentEra: 1940-1949DateCreated: 194446th Test WingEglin AFBState: FLZip: 32542Country: USAWebsite: http://www.asme.org/about-asme/history/landmarks/topics-m-z/research-and-development/-116-mckinley-climatic-laboratory-%281944%29Creator: McKinley, Ashley, U.S. Army Air Force

Designed and constructed in the early 1940s, this laboratory has an unequalled capacity to simulate a wide range of climatic conditions from arctic cold to jungle moisture. Data from tests of some three hundred different aircraft and over two thousand items of equipment has provided information vital to the performance, safety, and reliability of aircraft operating in extremes of weather.

YearAdded:
1987
Image Credit: Public Domain (United States Air Force)Image Caption: McKinley Climatic LaboratoryEra_date_from: 1944
Icing Research Tunnel, NASA Lewis Research Center
Society: ASMEMain Category: MechanicalSub Category: Research and DevelopmentEra: 1940-1949DateCreated: 1944Glenn Research CenterClevelandState: OHZip: 44135Country: USAWebsite: http://www.asme.org/about-asme/history/landmarks/topics-m-z/research-and-development/-117-icing-research-tunnel,-nasa-lewis-research-ce, https://www.asme.org/getmedia/f9fb127c-7ba2-4b73-ba34-75fca7265485/117-Icing-Research-Tunnel-NASA-Lewis-Research-Ce.aspx

In operation since 1944, the Icing Research Tunnel is the oldest and largest refrigerated icing wind tunnel in the world. Technology developed there enables aircraft to fly safely through icing clouds. Two firsts include the unique heat exchanger and the spray system that simulates a natural icing cloud of tiny droplets.

YearAdded:
1987
Image Credit: Courtesy NASAImage Caption: Cleveland Mayor, Frank G. Jackson, tours the Icing Research TunnelEra_date_from: 1944
Hanford B Reactor
Society: ASMEMain Category: MechanicalSub Category: Minerals Extraction & RefiningEra: 1940-1949DateCreated: 1944Hanford SiteSunnysideState: WAZip: 98944Country: USAWebsite: http://www.asme.org/about-asme/history/landmarks/topics-m-z/minerals-extraction-and-refining/-14-hanford-b-reactor-%281944%29Creator: Fermi, Enrico , E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company

The Hanford B-Reactor was the first plutonium production reactor to be placed in operation. Its success made possible the subsequent development of atomic energy. The research work, engineering, and planning required to make the reactor operate is one of our most advanced achievements. Much of the reactor core, cooling system, shielding, and auxiliary systems were designed by mechanical engineers.

YearAdded:
1976
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/David Lee (CC BY-SA 2.0)Image Caption: Hanford B ReactorEra_date_from: 1944
Hanford B Reactor
Society: ASCEMain Category: CivilSub Category: BuildingsEra: 1940-1949DateCreated: 1944Near the Hanford SiteRichlandState: WAZip: 98944Country: USAWebsite: http://www.asce.org/Project/Hanford-B-Reactor/Creator: Fermi, Enrico , E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company

In the first nine months of operation, the B reactor produced fissionable plutonium for the world's first atomic bomb (the Trinity test on July 16, 1945), and for the atomic bomb that was dropped on Nagasaki, Japan, on August 9, 1945, killing 35,000 people.  This, and similar destruction at Hiroshima caused by the atomic bomb dropped three days earlier, hastened the end of World War II.

YearAdded:
1993
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/David Lee (CC BY-SA 2.0)Image Caption: Hanford B ReactorEra_date_from: 1944
Victoria Dutch Windmill
Society: ASMEMain Category: MechanicalSub Category: Wind Power ProductionEra: 1940-1949DateCreated: 1944Memorial ParkVictoriaState: TXZip: 77901Country: USAWebsite: http://www.asme.org/about-asme/history/landmarks/topics-m-z/wind-power-production/-151-victoria-dutch-windmill-%281840s%29, https://www.asme.org/getmedia/34e19ef6-403f-4bb4-8a57-92c17d01716e/151-Victoria-Dutch-Windmill-1840s.aspxCreator: Meiss, Fred , Fiek, Otto

This is an old technology brought here by new immigrants. It represents the beginning of modern life in a hard wilderness. This wind-powered gristmill was built in 1870 by Fred Meiss, Jr., and Otto Fiek near Spring Creek, from parts of the first windmill in the new state of Texas, erected by E.G. Witte. The millstones are the ones Witte imported from Europe and are believed to be one of the earliest sets in the United States to survive.

YearAdded:
1991
Image Credit: Courtesy Wikipedia/Larry D. Moore (CC BY-SA 3.0)Image Caption: German RocketEra_date_from: 1944
Cooper-Bessemer Type GMV Integral-Angle Gas Compressor
Society: ASMEMain Category: MechanicalSub Category: Minerals Extraction & RefiningEra: 1940-1949DateCreated: 1944Knox County Historical MuseumMount VernonState: OHZip: 43050Country: USAWebsite: http://www.asme.org/about-asme/history/landmarks/topics-m-z/minerals-extraction-and-refining/-240-cooper-bessemer-type-gmv-integral-angle-gas-e, https://www.asme.org/getmedia/9e28281d-2403-4337-9ec3-df2251a26ede/240-Cooper-Bessemer-Type-GMV-Integral-Angle-Gas-E.aspxCreator: Boyer, Ralph , Cooper-Bessemer Corporation

This compressor was a product of the combined technology and design heritage of both the C. & G. Cooper Company of Mount Vernon and the Bessemer Gas Engine Company of Pennsylvania, which had merged in 1929. Ralph L. Boyer, the chief architect of the GMV, worked for Cooper-Bessemer from 1926 through 1965.

YearAdded:
2006
Image Credit: courtesy www.osagcd.comImage Caption: Cooper-Bessemer Type GMV Integral-Angle Gas EEra_date_from: 1944
Southern Pacific #4294 Cab-in-Front Steam Locomotive
Society: ASMEMain Category: MechanicalSub Category: Rail TransportationEra: 1940-1949DateCreated: 1944California State Railroad MuseumSacramentoState: CAZip: 95814Country: USAWebsite: http://www.asme.org/about-asme/history/landmarks/topics-m-z/rail-transportation---1/-62-southern-pacific--4294-cab-in-front-steam-loco, https://www.asme.org/getmedia/4527cb4e-6984-4c88-b513-c3daf7dd5679/62-Southern-Pacific-4294-Cab-in-Front-Steam-Loco.aspxCreator: Baldwin Locomotive Works, Southern Pacific Railroad

The articulated wheel-base steam locomotive represents the final phase of steam locomotive development in size and power. The cab-in-front feature was widely used by the Southern Pacific Railroad beginning in 1909 to alleviate smoke and heat problems for locomotive personnel en route through tunnels and snow sheds. This locomotive, built by the Baldwin Locomotive Works, operated between 1944 and 1956 before being displaced by a diesel-electric locomotive.

YearAdded:
1981
Image Credit: Courtesy Wikipedia/Neil916 (CC BY-SA 3.0)Image Caption: Southern Pacific #4294 Cab-in-Front Steam LocomotiveEra_date_from: 1944
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