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1993

Luebben Round Baler
Society: ASABE Main Category: Agricultural & Biological Sub Category: Era: 1890-1899 DateCreated: 1892 Pioneer Village Minden State: NE Zip: 68959 Country: USA Website: https://www.asabe.org/awards-landmarks/asabe-historic-landmarks/luebben-round-baler-31.aspx Creator: Luebben, Hugh

Luebben Hay Baler - Historic Landmark of Agricultural Engineering. In 1892, Hugh Luebben from Sutton, Nebraska, with sons Melchior and Ummo built a mobile machine to produce round hay bales between two sets of rotating flat belts. They began manufacturing the baler in 1909 in Beatrice and later moved to Omaha, Nebraska. Allis-Chalmers purchased the patent in 1939 and eventually sold 77,200 "Roto-Balers." The Luebben baler made handling easier, improved hay quality, and reduced costs. The same basic design is used on modern large round balers.

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1993
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Hume-Love Cutterbar and Reel
Society: ASABE Main Category: Agricultural & Biological Sub Category: Equipment, Harvesting and Baling Era: 1930s DateCreated: 1930 Horn School Rest Area Rosalia State: WA Zip: 99170 Country: USA Website: https://www.asabe.org/awards-landmarks/asabe-historic-landmarks/hume-love-cutterbar-29.aspx Creator: Hume, Horace D.

Near This Location In The 1930's James E. Love And Horace D. Hume Of Garfield, Washington, Invented The Flexible Floating Cutterbar And The Tined Pickup Reel To Harvest Low-Growing, Fragile Crops. These Devices Were Developed For The Local Crops Of Dry Peas And Lentils And Were Then Adopted Nationwide To Soybeans And Other Low-Growing Crops That Tangle And Lodge. These Mechanisms Reduced Dry Pea Harvesting Costs By 28% And Crop Loss From 50 To 10%. These Inventions Were Reported To Save The Equivalent Of 2,750,000 Acres Of Soybeans Annually.

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1993
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Stevens Pass Railroad Tunnels & Switchback System
Society: ASCE Main Category: Civil Sub Category: Rail Transportation Era: 1900-1909 DateCreated: 1900 Stevens Pass State: WA Zip: 98826 Country: USA Website: http://www.asce.org/project/stevens-pass-railroad-tunnels/ Creator: Stevens, John F.

In the years following the Civil War, the land west of the Mississippi River was being settled and the Pacific Northwest explored. There remained, however, a large portion of Montana, Idaho, and Washington that contained enormous quantities of timber and minerals, but was not accessible by rail. By far the most grueling stretch was the Stevens Pass area in the Cascade Mountains.

YearAdded:
1993
Image Credit: Courtesy Wikipedia/Seattleretro Image Caption: Railroad development in Stevens Pass made accessible a timber and mineral rich region of Montana, Idaho, and Washington. Era_date_from: 1900
Pegasus 3 Engine BS 916
Society: ASME Main Category: Aerospace & Aviation Sub Category: Aerospace Era: 1960-1969 DateCreated: 1993 Rolls Royce PLC
Bristol State: BC Zip: BS34 7QE Country: UK Website: http://www.asme.org/about-asme/history/landmarks/topics-a-l/air-and-space-transportation/--168-pegasus-3-engine-bs-916-%281960%29, https://www.asme.org/getmedia/f2e04cf6-f24f-4633-bb2f-ef61c5deb500/168-Pegasus-3-Engine-BS-916.aspx Creator: Bristol Aero-Engines Ltd. (now part of Rolls-Royce), Hooker, Stanley

The Pegasus 3 is the earliest surviving example of the prototype engine for vertical/short takeoff and landing (V/STOL) jets, namely the Royal Air Force's Harriers and US Marine Corps' AV-8Bs. Owned by the Rolls- Royce Heritage Trust (a company-sponsored history and preservation society), the artifact is an early developmental model of the Pegasus 3 engine, the first to fly with sufficient thrust to prove the vectored-thrust concept for V/STOL jet aircraft, in 1960.

YearAdded:
1993
Image Credit: Courtesy ASME Image Caption: The earliest surviving example of the prototype engine for vertical/short takeoff and landing (V/STOL) jets, namely Harriers and AV-8Bs. Era_date_from: 1993
Voyager Spacecraft Interplanetary Explorers
Society: ASME Main Category: Mechanical Sub Category: Air and Space Transportation Era: 1970-1979 DateCreated: 1972 Pioneer Rd Flintridge State: CA Zip: 91011 Country: USA Website: http://www.asme.org/about-asme/history/landmarks/topics-a-l/air-and-space-transportation/-171-voyager-spacecraft-interplanetary-explorers-%28 Creator: NASA

The Voyager explorers, which provided scientists and the world with the first detailed pictures of faraway planets, were designed and tested during 1972 to 1977. The two most intelligent machines ever built in the NASA space program, the explorers were launched from Cape Canaveral, Fla., in 1977. Voyager 2 was launched first on August 20, followed by Voyager 1 on September 5.

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1993
Image Credit: Courtesy ASME Image Caption: Voyager Spacecraft Interplanetary Explorers Era_date_from: 1972
Society: ASABE Main Category: Agricultural & Biological Sub Category: Water Supply & Control Era: 1950-1959 DateCreated: 1952 Pioneer Village Minden State: NE Zip: 68959 Country: USA Website: http://www.asabe.org/awards-landmarks/asabe-historic-landmarks/center-pivot-irrigator-30.aspx Creator: Zybach, Frank
Frank Zybach, a tenant farmer and inventor living near Strasburg, Colorado, received a patent for a "Self-Propelled Sprinkling Irrigating Apparatus" on July 22, 1952. The device used mobile towers to continuously move a pipeline in a circle around a pivot. Water was supplied through the pivot and distributed by sprinklers on the pipeline. Zybach formed a partnership with A.E. Trowbridge, an entrepreneur-businessman, in 1953 to manufacture center pivots in Columbus, Nebraska.
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1993
Image Credit: U.S. Department of Agriculture photo Image Caption: The Center Pivot Irrigator transformed agricultural production throughout the world. Era_date_from: 1952
Hanford B Reactor
Society: ASCE Main Category: Civil Sub Category: Buildings Era: 1940-1949 DateCreated: 1944 Near the Hanford Site Richland State: WA Zip: 98944 Country: USA Website: http://www.asce.org/Project/Hanford-B-Reactor/ Creator: Fermi, Enrico , E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company

In the first nine months of operation, the B reactor produced fissionable plutonium for the world's first atomic bomb (the Trinity test on July 16, 1945), and for the atomic bomb that was dropped on Nagasaki, Japan, on August 9, 1945, killing 35,000 people.  This, and similar destruction at Hiroshima caused by the atomic bomb dropped three days earlier, hastened the end of World War II.

YearAdded:
1993
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/David Lee (CC BY-SA 2.0) Image Caption: Hanford B Reactor Era_date_from: 1944
Society: ASME Main Category: Mechanical Sub Category: Food Processing Era: 1910-1919 DateCreated: 1911 Dole Packaged Foods Company Honolulu State: HI Zip: 96817 Country: USA Website: http://www.asme.org/about-asme/history/landmarks/topics-a-l/food-processing/-167-ginaca-pineapple-processing-machine-%281911%29-- Creator: Ginaca, Henry Gabriel
Commercial pineapple production began in Hawaii about 1890. Fruit was hand-peeled and sliced to match can sizes for export. In 1911 James D. Dole hired Henry G. Ginaca to design a machine to automate the process. As fruit dropped through the Ginaca machine, a cylinder was cut to proper diameter, trimmed top and bottom, and cored. This machine more than tripled production, making pineapple Hawaii's second largest crop.
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1993
Image Credit: Public Domain (United States Patent) Image Caption: Ginaca Pineapple Processing Machine Era_date_from: 1911
Society: ASME Main Category: Mechanical Sub Category: Air and Space Transportation Era: 1960-1969 DateCreated: 1964 Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville State: AL Zip: 35808 Country: USA Website: http://www.asme.org/about-asme/history/landmarks/topics-a-l/air-and-space-transportation/-170-advanced-engine-test-facility-at-marshall-%2819 Creator: von Braun, Wernher
The Advanced Engine Test Facility was built in 1964, three years after President John F. Kennedy committed the United States to world leadership in aeronautical science. Conceived and designed by Wernher von Braun, the first director of the Marshall Space Flight Center, this facility was used to perform static tests on the booster of the Saturn V rocket, which launched Apollo 11 to the moon on July 16, 1969. The stand has four concrete legs, each four feet thick and rising 144 feet to a steel superstructure supporting a 200-ton crane.
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1993
Image Credit: Courtesy ASME Image Caption: Saturn V Rocket being lifted onto the A-2 Test Stand at NASA's John C. Stennis Space Center Era_date_from: 1964
Denison Dam
Society: ASCE Main Category: Civil Sub Category: Dams Era: 1940-1949 DateCreated: 1943 Red River Denison State: TX Zip: 75020 Country: USA Website: http://www.asce.org/Project/Denison-Dam/ Creator: Clay, Lucius

The largest rolled-earth fill dam in the world at the time of its completion, Denison Dam eventually served as a prototype for dam construction in future U.S. Army Corps of Engineers projects throughout the arid plains of the American Southwest. Procedures and equipment developed during its construction are now commonplace in the sampling and testing of soils.

YearAdded:
1993
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/Robert Nunnally (CC BY 2.0) Image Caption: Denison Dam Era_date_from: 1943
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