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1890-1899

Society: IEEE Main Category: Electric Sub Category: Astronomy Era: 1890-1899 DateCreated: 1897 Lota State: Zip: Country: Chile Website: http://www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/index.php/Milestones:Chivilingo_Hydroelectric_Plant,_1897 Creator: Raby, William E.
Studies on the feasibility of building a hydro plant in the site were initiated in 1893. The increasing need for power that was cheaper and easily adapted to mine underground use drove the Lota coal mine company to develop a study of alternatives for this purpose. Engineer William E. Raby traveled to the United States and Europe to assess the use of electricity generation and transmission. The availability of the Chivilingo hydro resources arose as a better alternative to a steam plant.
YearAdded:
2001
Image Credit: Courtesy Wikicommons/B.diaz.c Image Caption: The Chivilingo Hydroelectric Power Plant was the first in Chile and only the second in South America. Era_date_from: 1897
Firth of Forth Railway Bridge
Society: ASCE Main Category: Civil Sub Category: Bridges Era: 1890-1899 DateCreated: 1890 Queensferry State: Zip: EH30 9SF Country: UK Website: http://www.asce.org/Project/Firth-of-Forth-Railway-Bridge/ Creator: Benjamin, Baker

"The majestic Forth Bridge ... symbolises the tremendous achievements of Victorian engineers and the immense strides made in the technique of bridge design and construction since the dawn of the Railway Age..."
 - Derrick Bennett, Bridges: Great Buildings of the World

YearAdded:
1985
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/Brain M Forbes (CC BY 2.0) Image Caption: The Forth Bridge became the longest bridge in the world when it was completed in 1890. Era_date_from: 1890
Society: ASME Main Category: Mechanical Sub Category: Pumping Era: 1890-1899 DateCreated: 1890s York Water Company York State: PA Zip: 17401 Country: USA Website: https://www.asme.org/about-asme/who-we-are/engineering-history/landmarks/77-worthington-horizontal-cross-compound-pumping, https://www.asme.org/getmedia/8943cdf5-6cab-4567-b165-42f489334684/77-Worthington-Horizontal-Cross-compound-Pumping.aspx Creator: Corliss, George H.

Smaller and cheaper than a triple-expansion vertical engine, the horizontal cross-compound pumping engine, Pump No. 2, ran at relatively slow revolutions and was considered the height of engineering from the 1890s to World War I. This pumping engine at the York Water Company was built by the Worthington Pump & Machinery Corporation, Snow-Holly Works, Buffalo, New York.

YearAdded:
1982
Image Credit: Image Caption: Era_date_from: 1890s
Woodhead Dam
Society: ASCE Main Category: Civil Sub Category: Dams Era: 1890-1899 DateCreated: 1897 Woodhead Dam Cape Town State: Western Cape Zip: Country: South Africa Website: http://www.asce.org/Project/Woodhead-Dam/ Creator: Stewart, Thomas

With the discoveries of South Africa's diamonds in the 1860s and gold in the 1880s, immigrants flooded into Cape Town and changed it into a major commercial center. Unfortunately, its water supply had not kept pace with the population growth.  After several droughts and years of inadequate water supply, the Woodhead Tunnel was constructed between 1887 and 1891. When it failed to solve the water shortage problem, the Municipality of Cape Town determined that a dam and reservoir needed to be built.

YearAdded:
2008
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/Tim Fields (CC BY-ND 2.0) Image Caption: Woodhead Dam Era_date_from: 1897
Williams-Miles History of Chemistry Collection
Society: ACS Main Category: Chemical Sub Category: Cradles of Chemistry Era: 1890-1899 DateCreated: Brackett Library Searcy State: AR Zip: 72143 Country: USA Website: http://portal.acs.org/portal/acs/corg/content?_nfpb=true&_pageLabel=PP_SUPERARTICLE&node_id=760&use_sec=false&sec_url_var=region1&__uuid=f42addef-aaae-4d38-a0d9-841ae6f3cc1d, https://www.acs.org/content/dam/acsorg/education/whatischemistry/landmarks/williams-milescollection/williams-miles-chemistry-collection-at-harding-university-commemorative-booklet.pdf Creator: Miles, Wyndham , National Institutes of Health

The Williams-Miles History of Chemistry Collection, established in 1992, is one of the leading historical collections of chemistry books in the southern United States. It represents a combined 70 years of scholarly collecting by Wyndham D. Miles, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, and William D. Williams, Professor of Chemistry at Harding University. More than 2,000 volumes published between 1600 and 1900 are preserved here; the collection is particularly strong in 19th-century works.

YearAdded:
1996
Image Credit: Courtesy ACS Image Caption: Williams-Miles History of Chemistry Collection at Harding University Era_date_from:
Walnut Street Bridge
Society: ASCE Main Category: Civil Sub Category: Bridges Era: 1890-1899 DateCreated: 1890 Susquehanna River Harrisburd State: PA Zip: 17101 Country: USA Website: http://www.asce.org/Project/Walnut-Street-Bridge/ Creator: Bollman, Wendel , Reeves, Samuel

The structure has two segments: an East Channel bridge consisting of four 175-foot spans and three 240-foot spans crossing from Harrisburg to City Island; and a West Channel bridge, consisting of seven 175-foot spans crossing from City Island to Wormleysburg.

With 15 truss spans totaling 2,820 feet, the Walnut Street Bridge is the finest and largest surviving example of the standardized Phoenix wrought-iron truss bridges produced from 1884 to 1923.

YearAdded:
1997
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/rjonesProject856 (cc-by-2.0) Image Caption: Walnut Street Bridge Era_date_from: 1890
Viaducto del Malleco
Society: ASCE Main Category: Civil Sub Category: Bridges Era: 1890-1899 DateCreated: 1890 Malleco River Araucaní State: Malleco Zip: Country: Chile Website: http://www.asce.org/Project/Viaducto-del-Malleco/ Creator: Lastarria, Jose Victorino

The bridge is 408 meters long and weighed approximately 1,500 metric tons when built. Originally supported by four columns, two more were added in later years to support the weight of heavier rail cars.

YearAdded:
1994
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/Rafael Retamal (CC BY-SA 2.0) Image Caption: Viaducto del Malleco Era_date_from: 1890
Union Station
Society: ASCE Main Category: Civil Sub Category: Buildings Era: 1890-1899 DateCreated: 1894 1820 Market Street
St. Louis State: MS Zip: Country: USA Website: http://www.asce.org/Project/Union-Station/ Creator: Link, Theodore , Pegram, George

In the early 1900s, Union Station was the hub of passenger railroad traffic in the central United States. It was one of the first stations to serve as a centralized terminal for multiple railroad lines. It originally served 22 rail lines; 13 from the east and nine from the west.

YearAdded:
1981
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/Ron Reiring (CC BY 2.0) Image Caption: Union Station Era_date_from: 1894
Turbinia
Society: ASME Main Category: Mechanical Sub Category: Water Transportation Era: 1890-1899 DateCreated: 1897 Tyne and Wear Museums Service Newcastle upon Tyne State: Zip: NE1 4 Country: UK Website: http://www.asme.org/about-asme/history/landmarks/topics-m-z/water-transportation/-73-turbinia-%281897%29, https://www.asme.org/getmedia/49f372ec-0fe3-4447-bcc2-30b5b58e7032/73-Turbinia-1897.aspx Creator: Parsons, Charles Algernon, Parsons Marine Steam Turbine Company

The Turbinia was the world's first turbine-driven ship. It attracted worldwide attention at the 1897 Spithead Naval Review by traveling more than 34 knots. This remarkable performance accelerated the acceptance of the steam turbine as an alternative to the steam reciprocating engine on ships as well as for central electric light and power stations. Sir Charles A. Parsons (1854-1931) invented (1884), developed, and promoted the steam turbine, as well as the design of the Turbinia. For this, he is considered among the outstanding technological innovators of all time.

YearAdded:
1982
Image Credit: Public Domain (Copyright Expired) Image Caption: Turbinia Era_date_from: 1897
St. Clair Tunnel
Society: ASCE Main Category: Civil Sub Category: Tunnels Era: 1890-1899 DateCreated: 1891 Beneath the St. Clair River Sarnia State: ON Zip: N7T 8G8 Country: Canada Website: http://www.asce.org/Project/St--Clair-Tunnel/ Creator: Hobson, Joseph , Beach, Alfred

A Day's Pay According to tunnel records, the following pay rates were established for the 600-700 laborers required for this project: 

YearAdded:
1991
Image Credit: Public Domain Image Caption: Postcard of the west end St. Clair River Tunnel in Port Huron, Michigan, United States. Era_date_from: 1891
Subscribe to 1890-1899

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A Day's Pay According to tunnel records, the following pay rates were established for the 600-700 laborers required for this project: 

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Union Station

In the early 1900s, Union Station was the hub of passenger railroad traffic in the central United States. It was one of the first stations to serve as a centralized terminal for multiple railroad lines. It originally served 22 rail lines; 13 from the east and nine from the west.

The…

Read More
Viaducto del Malleco

The bridge is 408 meters long and weighed approximately 1,500 metric tons when built. Originally supported by four columns, two more were added in later years to support the weight of heavier rail cars.

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Read More
Walnut Street Bridge

The structure has two segments: an East Channel bridge consisting of four 175-foot spans and three 240-foot spans crossing from Harrisburg to City Island; and a West Channel bridge, consisting of seven 175-foot spans crossing from City Island to Wormleysburg.

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Read More
Williams-Miles History of Chemistry Collection

The Williams-Miles History of Chemistry Collection, established in 1992, is one of the leading historical collections of chemistry books in the southern United States. It represents a combined 70 years of scholarly collecting by Wyndham D. Miles, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland…

Read More
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With the discoveries of South Africa's diamonds in the 1860s and gold in the 1880s, immigrants flooded into Cape Town and changed it into a major commercial center. Unfortunately, its water supply had not kept pace with the population growth.  After several droughts and years of inadequate water…

Read More

Smaller and cheaper than a triple-expansion vertical engine, the horizontal cross-compound pumping engine, Pump No. 2, ran at relatively slow revolutions and was considered the height of engineering from the 1890s to World War I. This pumping engine at the York Water Company was built by the…

Read More
Firth of Forth Railway Bridge

"The majestic Forth Bridge ... symbolises the tremendous achievements of Victorian engineers and the immense strides made in the technique of bridge design and construction since the dawn of the Railway Age..."
 - Derrick Bennett, Bridges: Great Buildings of the World

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