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Hydraulic

Zuiderzee Enclosure Dam
Society: ASCEMain Category: CivilSub Category: DamsEra: 1920-1929DateCreated: 1927-1932ZuiderzeeZaandamState: North HollandCountry: NetherlandsWebsite: http://www.asce.org/Project/Zuiderzee-Enclosure-DamCreator: Lely, Cornelis

The first Zuiderzee Enclosure Dam ran from North Holland to the island of Wieringen, successfully barring the sea for over 50 years and protecting a large area north of Amsterdam. The total Zuiderzee project was the largest land reclamation effort in the Netherlands, developed over a period of about 80 years, beginning in 1918 and reaching completion in 1996. The huge dyke/dam was considered one of the greatest engineering feats of its time.

YearAdded:
1986
Image Credit: Public Domain (Copyright Exp.)Image Caption: Zuiderzee Enclosure DamEra_date_from: 1927
Tipon
Society: ASCEMain Category: CivilSub Category: Civil Engineering ProfessionEra: 1000-1599DateCreated: 1200 - 1534Acceso a Tipon
TiponCountry: PeruWebsite: http://www.asce.org/Project/Tipon/Creator: Incan Civilization and predecessors

Tipon is a self-contained, walled settlement that served as an estate for Inca nobility. Located 13 miles down the Huatanay River Valley by the Inca capital of Cusco, the 500-acre archeological site provides knowledge and better understanding of the pre-historic Inca and their irrigation and building skills. The site represents great mastery of irrigation and hydraulic technology. The civil engineers of Tipon designed buildings, 13 integrated central terraces, waterworks, hundreds of other terraces and massive structures to be visually and functionally harmonious with their surroundings.

YearAdded:
2006
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/Emmanuel Dyan (CC BY 2.0)Image Caption: TiponEra_date_from: 1200
Pelton Impulse Water Wheel
Society: ASCEMain Category: CivilSub Category: Power GenerationEra: 1870-1879DateCreated: 1878CamptonvilleState: CACountry: USAWebsite: http://www.asce.org/Project/Pelton-Impulse-Water-Wheel/Creator: Pelton, Lester

Water wheels have been used to power mills and pumps for centuries. However, the traditional water wheel was inefficient: water hitting a bucket would splash back against the next bucket, slowing the wheel. This is especially true when water is delivered to the buckets under very high pressure.

YearAdded:
1973
Image Credit: Public Domain (Author's Choice)Image Caption: Pelton Impulse Water WheelEra_date_from: 1878
Machu Picchu
Society: ASCEMain Category: CivilSub Category: Civil Engineering ProfessionEra: 1000-1599DateCreated: 1460Santuario Historico Machu PicchuCountry: PeruWebsite: http://www.asce.org/Project/Machu-Picchu/Creator: Inca Empire

Machu Picchu represents the culmination of Inca public works building standards and technology, as well as 4,000 years of Andean community development.  This landmark is the most well known archaeological site in South America and serves as a destination site for world travelers.  It was a royal estate for Emperor Pachacuti.  

YearAdded:
2006
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/Chang'r (CC BY-ND 2.0)Image Caption: Machu PicchuEra_date_from: 1460
Joshua Hendy Iron Works
Society: ASMEMain Category: MechanicalSub Category: ManufacturingEra: 1900-1909DateCreated: 1906401 E Hendy AveSunnyvaleState: CAZip: 94086Country: USAWebsite: http://www.asme.org/about-asme/history/landmarks/topics-m-z/manufacturing---1/-34-joshua-hendy-iron-works-%281906%29, https://www.asme.org/getmedia/4c99ebb6-8005-461a-a215-0af2f8eaf17c/34-Joshua-Hendy-Iron-Works.aspxCreator: Hendy, Joshua

This ironworks exemplified the adaptability required for industrial survival in a dynamic technical environment. It was a major western producer of mechanical equipment used in mining (especially large hydraulic machines), ship propulsion, irrigation, power generation, optical telescope mounts, and nuclear research.

YearAdded:
1978
Image Credit: Public DomainImage Caption: Joshua Hendy Iron WorksEra_date_from: 1906
Garfield Thomas Water Tunnel
Society: ASMEMain Category: MechanicalSub Category: Research and DevelopmentEra: 1940-1949DateCreated: 1949Applied Research LaboratoryState CollegeState: PAZip: 16801Country: USAWebsite: http://www.asme.org/about-asme/history/landmarks/topics-m-z/mechanical-power-production-water/-188-garfield-thomas-water-tunnel-%281949%29Creator: U.S. Navy

The Garfield Thomas Water Tunnel is a unique experimental facility for hydrodynamic research and testing. The 48-inch (1.2-meter) diameter water tunnel enables the research staff to conduct basic and applied investigations in the fields of cavitation, hydroacoustics, turbulence, transition, hydrodynamic drag, and hydraulic and subsonic turbomachinery. Instrumentation and testing methods have been developed to study noise, vibration, vehicle dynamics, and the interaction between the propulsor and vehicle body.

YearAdded:
1996
Image Credit: Courtesy WikiCommons/CyberXRef (CC BY-SA 3.0)Image Caption: Entrance to the Garfield Thomas Water TunnelEra_date_from: 1949
Fort Peck Dam
Society: ASCEMain Category: CivilSub Category: DamsEra: 1940-1949DateCreated: 1940Missouri RiverFort PeckState: MTZip: 59248Country: USAWebsite: http://www.asce.org/Project/Fort-Peck-Dam/Creator: Works Progress Administration

The Fort Peck Dam was a cornerstone project of the Works Progress Administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal. It required the largest construction plant and workforce since the construction of the Panama Canal and peaked at 11,000 workers. It was the largest dam of any type in the world for over 30 years.

YearAdded:
1990
Image Credit: Courtesy U.S. Army Corps of EngineersImage Caption: Fort Peck DamEra_date_from: 1940
Folsom Powerhouse on the American River, at Folsom Powerhouse State Historic Park, California, USA
Society: ASMEMain Category: Electric, MechanicalSub Category: WaterEra: 1890-1899DateCreated: 1895American RiverFolsomState: CAZip: 95630Country: USAWebsite: https://www.asme.org/about-asme/who-we-are/engineering-history/landmarks/19-folsom-power-house-1Creator: Knight, H.T., Sacramento Electric Power & Light Co

The historic Folsom Power House #1 marks one of the first successful uses of hydroelectric power in the world and the first successful transmission of power long distance (twenty-two miles to Sacramento). The old Folsom Power House still shelters the machinery generated to drive streetcars and illuminate the city of Sacramento.

Image Credit: Public Domain (Author's Choice)Image Caption: Folsom Powerhouse on the American River, at Folsom Powerhouse State Historic Park, California, USAEra_date_from: 1895
Folsom Hydroelectric Power System
Society: ASCEMain Category: CivilSub Category: Power GenerationEra: 1890-1899DateCreated: 1895American RiverFolsomState: CACountry: USAWebsite: http://www.asce.org/Project/Folsom-Hydroelectric-Power-System/Creator: Knight, H.T., Sacramento Electric Power & Light Co

"The State [of California] agreed to construct the dam using convict labor for which consideration the State received a grant of land for the construction of a prison and water power rights from the impounded water ...; The work progressed slowly during the dry season by disinterested convict labor using hand tools since the use of machinery was forbidden ...;"  
- Historic Landmark Nomination Form, 1974

YearAdded:
1975
Image Credit: Public Domain (Author's Choice)Image Caption: Folsom Hydroelectric Power SystemEra_date_from: 1895
Radio City Music Hall Hydraulically Actuated Stage
Society: ASMEMain Category: MechanicalEra: 1930sDateCreated: 1932Radio City Music HallNew YorkState: NYZip: 10020Country: USAWebsite: http://www.asme.org/about-asme/history/landmarks/topics-a-l/entertainment/-217-radio-city-music-hall-hydraulically-actuatedCreator: Clark, Peter

The precision "choreographed" staging of Radio City Music Hall offers size and versatility, unlike any other. Built in 1932 by Peter Clark, its innovative elevator system is a forerunner of other stage designs (including the Metropolitan Opera House) as well as aircraft carrier systems built in World War II. These elevators can handle people, animals, props and scenery at variable speeds, delivering them to the stage or above and also dropping out of sight in front to reappear again in the back, just as effectively.

YearAdded:
2001
Image Credit: Public Domain (Author's Choice)Image Caption: Underneath the Orchestra Lift at the Radio City Music Hall
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