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Civil

Tipon
Society: ASCE Main Category: Civil Sub Category: Civil Engineering Profession Era: 1000-1599 DateCreated: 1200 - 1534 Acceso a Tipon
Tipon State: Zip: Country: Peru Website: http://www.asce.org/Project/Tipon/ Creator: Incan Civilization and predecessors

Tipon is a self-contained, walled settlement that served as an estate for Inca nobility. Located 13 miles down the Huatanay River Valley by the Inca capital of Cusco, the 500-acre archeological site provides knowledge and better understanding of the pre-historic Inca and their irrigation and building skills. The site represents great mastery of irrigation and hydraulic technology. The civil engineers of Tipon designed buildings, 13 integrated central terraces, waterworks, hundreds of other terraces and massive structures to be visually and functionally harmonious with their surroundings.

YearAdded:
2006
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/Emmanuel Dyan (CC BY 2.0) Image Caption: Tipon Era_date_from: 1200
Thomas Viaduct Railroad Bridge
Society: ASCE Main Category: Civil Sub Category: Roads & Rails Era: 1830-1839 DateCreated: 1835 Patapsco River Arbutus State: MD Zip: 21227 Country: USA Website: http://www.asce.org/Project/Thomas-Viaduct-Railroad-Bridge/ Creator: Latrobe II, Benjamin Henry, McCartney, John

Opened in 1835, the Thomas Viaduct was the first multiple-arch, stone railroad viaduct in the United States. The viaduct is composed of eight arches each with a clear span of about 58 feet. The viaduct has an overall length of 614 feet and a height of about 60 feet above the Patapsco River. Construction of the viaduct began in August of 1833, and a ceremony marking its completion was conducted on July 4, 1835. The viaduct was constructed for the Baltimore and Ohio (B&O) Railroad and is named in honor Philip E. Thomas, who served from 1827 to 1836 as the first president of the B&O.

YearAdded:
1964
Image Credit: Public Domain (National Park Service) Image Caption: Thomas Viaduct Railroad Bridge Era_date_from: 1835
Theodore Roosevelt Dam
Society: ASCE Main Category: Civil Sub Category: Water Supply & Control Era: 1910-1919 DateCreated: 1911 Theodore Roosevelt Dam Tonto National Forest State: AZ Zip: 85545 Country: USA Website: http://www.asce.org/Project/Theodore-Roosevelt-Dam---Salt-River-Project/ Creator:

The first electric power generated by the Theodore Roosevelt Dam for commercial use was transmitted over a high-voltage line to Phoenix, where it was employed to operate the city's new streetcar system. 

YearAdded:
1970
Image Credit: Courtesy Bureau of Reclamation (CC BY-SA 2.0) Image Caption: Theodore Roosevelt Dam Era_date_from: 1911
Thames Tunnel
Society: ASCE Main Category: Civil Sub Category: Tunnels Era: 1840-1849 DateCreated: 1843 Beneath the Thames River London State: Zip: Country: UK Website: http://www.asce.org/Project/Thames-Tunnel/ Creator: Brunel, Marc Isambard , Brunel, Isambard Kingdom

By the turn of the 19th century, London's streets were clogged with traffic. Over 3,700 passengers used the Thames River's main boat crossing each day, while wagons and carts were forced to cross via the London Bridge, two miles away. Building a bridge would further impede shipping on the already-crowded Thames; a tunnel was the obvious alternative.

The first attempt at a tunnel in the present location began in 1807. The excavation had proceeded only 1,000 feet-using traditional mining methods-when crews reached a layer of quicksand and were forced to stop.

YearAdded:
1991
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/Annie Mole (CC BY 2.0) Image Caption: Thames Tunnel Era_date_from: 1843
Tennessee State Capitol
Society: ASCE Main Category: Civil Sub Category: Buildings Era: 1840-1849 DateCreated: 1845-1877 Tennessee State Capitol Nashville State: TN Zip: 37219 Country: USA Website: http://www.asce.org/Project/Tennessee-State-Capitol/ Creator: Strickland, William , Bogart, John

The Tennessee State Capitol, the first and only home of the Tennessee General Assembly, was designed by engineer and architect William Strickland. Since its construction, it has ably served, with little modification, as the seat of Tennessee's government.

YearAdded:
2003
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/Ron Cogswell Image Caption: Tennessee State Capitol Era_date_from: 1845
Menai Suspension Bridge
Society: ASCE Main Category: Civil Sub Category: Bridges Era: 1800-1829 DateCreated: 1826 Menai Bridge Isle of Anglesey State: Wales Zip: Country: UK Website: http://www.asce.org/Project/Menai-Suspension-Bridge/ Creator: Telford, Thomas , Hazledine, William

Built between 1819 and 1826, the Menai Bridge was the major structure on Britain's strategically important Holyhead Road connecting London with Holyhead and by sea to Ireland. Designed by Thomas Telford, the bridge's main span was 579 feet from tower to tower, the longest that had ever been attempted at this time. He used four sets wrought-iron eyebars to suspend the deck. These were made by William Hazledine at his Upton forge near Shrewsbury. Each bar was carefully tested in his Coleham shops before being pinned together and lifted into place.

YearAdded:
2002
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/Ingy the Wingy (CC BY-ND 2.0) Image Caption: Menai Suspension Bridge Era_date_from: 1826
Tehachapi Pass Railroad Line
Society: ASCE Main Category: Civil Sub Category: Roads & Rails Era: 1870-1879 DateCreated: 1876 Walong State: CA Zip: Country: USA Website: http://www.asce.org/Project/Tehachapi-Pass-Railroad-Line/ Creator: Harris, J. B. , Southern Pacific Railroad

The Tehachapi Pass Railroad Line was cut through solid and decomposed granite by about 3,000 Chinese laborers using nothing more than picks, shovels, horse drawn carts, and blasting powder. This line, which rises from the San Joaquin Valley and through the Tehachapi Mountains, originally included 18 tunnels, ten bridges and several water towers to accommodate the steam locomotives. Completed in less than two years, it was part of the final line of the first railroad to connect San Francisco with Los Angeles.

YearAdded:
1998
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/Doug Wertman Image Caption: Tehachapi Pass Railroad Line Era_date_from: 1876
Sydney Harbour Bridge
Society: ASCE Main Category: Civil Sub Category: Bridges Era: 1930-1939 DateCreated: 1932 Port Jackson Milsons Point State: NSW Zip: 206 Country: Australia Website: http://www.asce.org/Project/Sydney-Harbour-Bridge/ Creator: Bradfield, John , Freeman, Ralph

The design of the Sydney Harbour Bridge closely resembles the Hell Gate Bridge over the East River in New York City, conceived in 1916 by noted engineer Gustav Lindenthal and his chief assistant, O.H. Ammann.

YearAdded:
1988
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/Kevin Gibbons (CC BY 2.0) Image Caption: Sydney Harbour Bridge Era_date_from: 1932
Suez Canal Project
Society: ASCE Main Category: Civil Sub Category: Water Transportation Era: 1860-1869 DateCreated: 1869 Canal del Esla Ismailia State: Zip: Country: Egypt Website: http://www.asce.org/project/suez-canal/ Creator: de Lesseps, Ferdinand , Suez Canal Company

The idea of creating a canal linking the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea is a very old one that dates back about 4000 years to the ancient Egyptians. They thought of linking the two seas by using the River Nile and its branches. It was this very old desire that led to the digging of the present Suez Canal.  

YearAdded:
2003
Image Credit: Courtesy Flickr/eutrophication&hypoxia (CC BY 2.0) Image Caption: Suez Canal Project Era_date_from: 1869
Statue of Liberty
Society: ASCE Main Category: Civil Sub Category: Buildings Era: 1880-1889 DateCreated: 1886 Statue of Liberty National Monument Brooklyn State: NY Zip: 11231 Country: USA Website: http://www.asce.org/Project/Statue-of-Liberty/ Creator: Bartholdi, Frédéric , de Laboulaye, Edouard René

Sculptor Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi is credited with bringing the concept of the Statue of Liberty to fruition, deriving inspiration from the 19th-century penchance for grandiose monuments. He originally designed the statue for placement at the Suez Canal, but the project was never commissioned. After a promotional trip across America, Bartholdi's ideas finally took hold in 1874, and a Franco-American coalition was formed to fund the project, with the Americans building the base and the French the statue.

YearAdded:
1985
Image Credit: Public Domain (U.S. Customs and Border Protection) Image Caption: Statue of Liberty Era_date_from: 1886
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